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Earl of Egmont papers

Earl of Egmont papers

Descriptive Summary

Title: Earl of Egmont papers
Creator: Perceval, John, Earl, 1683-1748
Inclusive Dates: 1732-1745
Language(s): English
Extent: 20 volume(s) 20 volumes, 1 folder
Collection Number: ms746
Repository: Hargrett Library

Collection Description

Historical Note

The first twenty years of Georgia history are referred to as Trustee Georgia because during that time a Board of Trustees governed the colony. England's King George signed a charter establishing the colony and creating its governing board on April 21, 1732. His action culminated a lengthy process. John Viscount Percival, the Earl of Egmont (after 1733), was the first president of the common council and the dominant figure among the Trustees until his retirement in 1742. He acted as Georgia's champion in Parliament.

For further information, see "Trustee Georgia, 1732-1752" at The New Georgia Encyclopedia.

Scope and Content

The collection consists of contemporary hand-written copies of letters and documents from 1732-1745 relating to the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America. The correspondence includes letters between officials and settlers in the Colony and the Trustees. Major correspondees include James Oglethorpe, Thomas Causton, Samuel Eveleigh, Thomas Christie, Elisha Dobree, John Wesley and Trustees Benjamin Martryn and Harman Verelst. The letters provide comprehensive information regarding the settlement of Georgia, especially in Savannah and Frederica; Indian trading and relations; activities of the French and Spanish; the question of slavery; Salzburger and Moravian settlers; and religious matters. The collection also includes the journals and letters from 1736-1745 of William Stephens, secretary and later president of the Colony.

Organization and Arrangement

The letters are bound chronologically based on the Old Style Calendar. Some documents are dual dated with both the Julian and Gregorian calendar dates.

Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Due to preservation concerns, researchers are required to use either the digital transcript, or E. M. Coulter's edited book,

Custodial History

Twenty volumes purchased by the University in 1947. The volumes constituted a portion of the library of Sir Thomas Phillips, were known as the Phillips collection, and reported to have originally belonged to the Earl of Egmont, first President of the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America.

Preferred Citation

Earl of Egmont papers, ms746, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.

General Notes

Transcripts of volumes 1-13, letters to and from Georgia, are available through the Digital Library of Georgia:

Related Materials and Subjects

Subject Terms

Causton, Thomas, 1692-1745?
Christie, Thomas
Dobree, Elisha
Everleigh, Samuel
France -- Foreign relations -- 18th century.
Frederica (Ga.)
Georgia -- Politics and government -- To 1775.
Georgia -- Social life and customs.
Great Britain -- Colonies -- America.
Indians of North America -- Georgia.
Land settlement -- Georgia.
Martryn, Benjamin, 1699-1763
Moravians -- Georgia.
Oglethorpe, James Edward, 1696-1785
Religious life.
Salzburgers -- Georgia.
Savannah (Ga.)
Slavery -- Georgia -- History.
Spain -- Foreign relations -- 18th century.
Stephens, William, 1671-1753
Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
Verelst, Harman
Wesley, John, 1703-1791

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

11Additional papers, 1732-1742