Walter B. Hill papers

Walter B. Hill papers

Descriptive Summary

Title: Walter B. Hill papers
Creator: Hill, Walter B. (Walter Barnard), 1851-1905
Inclusive Dates: 1899-2009
Language(s): English
Extent: 9 Linear Feet (9 boxes)
Collection Number: UA97-094
Repository: University of Georgia Archives

Collection Description

Biographical/historical note

Walter Barnard Hill was born on September 9, 1851, in Talbotton, Georgia, and was the first University of Georgia alumnus to serve as Chancellor/President of the institution, his A.B. (1870), M.A. (1871) and B.L. (1871) degrees all having been earned at the university in Athens. From 1871 until 1899, Hill practiced law in his father's legal firm in Macon, Georgia. He was one of the founders of the Georgia State Bar Association, and he was very active on the Methodist Episcopal Church South. Hill was a man of strong convictions, and an ardent Prohibitionist. He advocated collective bargaining for workers, and first publicly defended the right of blacks to equal education in an article in Century magazine in 1884. In 1899, Hill accepted an invitation to serve as Chancellor of the University of Georgia. This proved to be an astute choice for the University's future, as Hill's ties with Emory and Mercer Universities enabled him to co-opt denominational interests in state politics who had formerly worked somewhat contrary to University interests. Since he ably lobbied for increased state fiscal support for all aspects of education at the State University, agrarian interests found a common champion with those who promoted more purely academic programs. The University's budget in 1899 was $40,000 ($8,000 in state money); between 1900 and 1905, Hill was able to persuade the state legislature to appropriate $151,000 for the comprehensive modernization of the University in Athens. This first campus master plan was Hill's vision, given life by New York landscape architect Charles Leavitt, one of many associations which Hill made via the good offices of his new friend and University of Georgia benefactor, George Foster Peabody, who first visited the campus in 1902. This new plan included laying the foundations for a new State College of Agriculture, as well as a College of Education, expanding the Law curriculum from one to two years, the establishment of a School of Pharmacy (1903), and putting the wheels in motion for a School of Forestry (which would emerge in 1906). Hill would also be vocal on a national stage with regard to the need for federal funding for public education at all levels. Several buildings at the Athens campus were completed during Hill's tenure, including Denmark Hall (1901), Candler Hall (1902), Meigs (originally, LeConte) Hall (1905), and the "modern, fireproof library" (1905), made more urgent in the wake of the fire which destroyed Science Hall (and much of the documentary record of the pre-20th century University of Georgia) in November in 1904. Science Hall would be a phoenix reborn in the erection of Terrell Hall, a three-story structure raised in the same footprint as the original building, and with the same cornerstone intact (1904). Hill's energy burned brightly, but for too brief a while, as he contracted pneumonia in December of 1905, and died from its effects on the 28th day of that month.

Scope and Content

The collection consists of personal papers as well as those related to Hill's administrative career at the University of Georgia. Of particular interest are the papers documenting a fact-finding trip to the University of Wisconsin to investigate the program of Agricultural Education in place there; various files detailing the in loco parentis functions performed by the University; a substantial subseries of correspondence with George Foster Peabody; a limited series of correspondence with Trustees of the University, including Hill's function as Chairman of the Committee on State Institutions; a substantial volume of speeches and articles delineating Hill's engagement with the serious national debate underway on the future of public education for everyone.

Organization and Arrangement

Organized into 20 series: memorial; administration (central); public issues/outreach; faculty/staff; administration (academics); student affairs (admissions); scholarships/money matters; student affairs (discipline); student academics; physical plant; G. F. Peabody; A. Carnegie; business; inquiries; trustees; alumni; professional organizations; speech; and personal.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Walter B. Hill papers, UA97-094, University Archives, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.

General Notes

RG 1

Related Materials and Subjects

Subject Terms

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing


1. Memorial

11Walter Barnard Hill Memorial, 2006 May

2. Administration (central)

12Promotional materials, 1901, 1903-04
13Honor system, 1904-1905
14Athens City, 1901-1905
15State of University speech and notes
16Administration response/correspondence, 1903-1904
17Administration response/correspondence, 1905
18Administration information request-University, 1904-1905
19Calendar, 1904-1905
19.5Centennial of the University of Georgia (UGA), introduction to the University Bulletin, 1901
19.6Election as Chancellor, circa 1899 – 1906
110University of Wisconsin, 1904 February–1904 November
111University of Wisconsin, 1904 November
112University of Wisconsin, 1904-1905 December
113UGA Commencement/invitation to speak or be present, 1903-1905
114General information request, 1903-1906
115Private Schools in GA (Mercer, Emory, religious schools, etc.), 1903-1905
116State School System: State Normal School, 1904-1905
117State School System: Medical College of Georgia, 1904-1905
117.5State School System: agreement between the Medical College of Georgia and the University of Georgia, 1873
118State School System: Georgia School of Technology, 1904-1905
119State School System: Georgia Normal and Industrial College, 1904-1905
120State School System: North Georgia Agricultural College, 1904-1905
121State School System: Agricultural and Mechanical Colleges, 1905
122State School System: Industrial and Normal Colleges, 1904-1905
122.5Correspondence with U.S.C (University of South Carolina) L.L.D, 1905 January
123Vital records, 1904-1905
124Commencement organization, 1904-1905
124.5Commencement: addresses to the Graduate Classes of the University of Georgia, 1901–1903
125Grievance and legal complaints, 1904
126Academics-generic, 1904-1905
127Administrative details (correspondence), 1902-1904
128Administrative details (correspondence), 1905
129Chapel administration, 1904-1905
130UGA/State Government interaction: general, 1902-1905
131UGA/State Government interaction: agriculture (Conner and Flynt Bill), 1904-1905
132UGA/State Government interaction: local GA taxation, 1903-1905
133UGA/Federal Government interaction, 1904-1905
136Miscellaneous, 1904-1905

3. Public issues/outreach

137Public outreach, 1905
138Alumni, 1904-1905
139African American higher education: general, 1903-1905
140African American higher education: request for Information, 1903-1905
141African American higher education: taxation, 1904
142African American higher education: Georgia State Industrial College, 1900, 1903-1905
143African American higher education: Donalsonville Normal and Industrial College, 1905
144Temperance correspondence, 1904-1905
145Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR), 1903-1904
146Women's Suffrage, 1903-1905

4. Faculty/staff

147Requests to Librarian, 1904-1905
148Faculty/staff–school related, 1903-1904
149Faculty meetings, 1904-1905
150Faculty information, 1904-1905

5. Administration (academics)

21Experiment Stations, 1904-1905
22Agricultural College, 1903-1905
23Athletics, 1904-1905
24UGA Library, 1903-1905
25Military: Military Department, 1904-1905
26Military: encampment, 1904-1905
27Military: excuses from drill, 1904-1905
28Law Department: general, 1901, 1904-1905
29Law Department: Law Library, 1904
210Biology Department, 1905
211Classics Department, 1904-1905
212English/Teutonic Department, 1904-1905
213Pharmacy Department, 1904-1905
214Psychology Department, 1904-1905
215Philosophy and Education Department, 1904
216College of Commerce (Business College), 1905

Entrance requirements

218Entrance to the University, 1903 November-1904 April
219Entrance to the University, 1904 May-June
220Entrance to the University , 1904 July
221Entrance to the University, 1904 August
222Entrance to the University, 1904 September
223Entrance to the University, 1904 October-December
224Entrance to the University, 1905 January-July
225Entrance to the University, 1905 August
226Entrance to the University, 1905 September-December
227Entrance to the University
228Entrance examinations, 1904 January-May
229Entrance examinations, 1904 June-October
230Entrance examinations, 1904 January-May
231Entrance examinations, 1905 June-September

6. Student affairs (admissions)

31Potential student catalogue requests, 1903 November-1904 March
32Potential student catalogue requests, 1904 April-May
33Potential student catalogue requests, 1904 June-December
34Potential student catalogue requests , 1905 January-July
35Potential student catalogue requests, 1905 August-1906 July
36Responses to catalogue requests, 1903
37Responses to catalogue requests, 1904 January-1904 March
38Responses to catalogue requests, 1904 April-July
39Responses to catalogue requests, 1904 August
310Responses to catalogue requests, 1904 September-December
311Responses to catalogue requests, 1905 January-July
312Responses to catalogue requests, 1905 August
313Responses to catalogue requests, 1905 September-1906 February
314Non-student catalogue requests, 1904 January-1905 December
315Preparatory schools, 1904 April-1905 September
316Correspondence to Cuba for young men seeking education in Georgia , 1904 January-1905 September
317G.S. Peabody, 1904

7. Scholarships/financial aid

318General scholarships, 1903–1905
319GA non-UGA scholarships, 1904-1905
320Terrell Fund, 1905 April 19-20
321Financial Aid/student jobs, 1903 November-1905 July
322Rhodes Scholarship, 1903 August-1904 April
323Rhodes Scholarship, 1904 May-December
324Rhodes Scholarship, 1905
325Brown Fund, 1903 November-1904 February
326Brown Fund, 1904 March-April
327Brown Fund, 1904 May-June
328Brown Fund, 1904 July-December
329Brown Fund, 1905 January-April
330Brown Fund, 1905 May-November
331Student fees, 1904–1905

8. Student affairs (discipline)

41Student discipline/Delinquent List I, 1902–1903
42Student discipline/Delinquent List II, 1904 January-March
43Student discipline/Delinquent List III, 1904 April-May
44Student discipline/Delinquent List IV, 1904 June–December
45Student discipline/Delinquent List V, 1905 January-December
46Permission to leave city I, 1903 December-June 1904
47Permission to leave city II, 1904 October-December
48Permission to leave city III, 1905
49Absences I, 1903 March-1904 July
410Absences II, 1904 October-December
411Absences III, 1905 January-1905 December
412Absences IV, 1906
413W.B. Hill student meetings, 1904-1905
414Permission to be excused from Chapel, 1905 February
415Parent/Child issues–requests for help, 1904 January
416Student organizations–delinquents and misbehavior, 1904 February
417Withdrawals and dismissal from the University, 1903 November-1905 December
418Wellness and medical, 1903 December-1905 March
419High-profile student discipline, 1903 December-1905 May

9. Student academics

420Course of Study Q and A I, 1904 January-December
421Course of Study Q and A II, 1905 January
422Extra-Curricular Academics, prizes and awards, 1902 May
423Exam and transcript records, 1904 July-1905 September
424Examinations I, 1903 May 18–28
425Examinations II, 1904 March
426Outgoing students, 1904 December-1905 December 20
427Honor Board, 1905
428University exit issues (diplomas), 1904 April-1905 September
429Dormitory assignments/Dining Halls I, 1903 January-1904 January
430Dormitory assignments/Dining Halls II, 1904 July-August
431Dormitory assignments/Dining Halls III, 1904 August-1905 August
432Dormitory assignments/Dining Halls IV, 1905 August
433Current Students I, 1902 June-1904 May
434Current Students II, 1904 May
435Request for student information, 1903
436Student organizations, 1904–1905
437YMCA, 1904–1905

10. Physical Plant

51Library, 1904-1905
52Physical Plant statistics, 1903-1905
53Maintenance and mundane, 1904-1905
54Old College, 1904
55Physical Plant money/business, 1905
56Subscriptions to Alumni for Campus Extension, 1905
57Dormitory improvements, 1904-1905
58Building Committee, 1902-1905
59Expansion: Agriculture and Physical Plant, 1904-1905
510General expansion, 1904-1906
511Physical Plant improvements, 1903-1905
512Science Hall Fire, 1903-1904
513University of Georgia Master Plan, 1905

11. George Foster Peabody

514General correspondence, 1902-1904
515General correspondence, 1905
516Black Education correspondence, 1904 July-1905 June
517Physical Plant correspondence, 1904-1905
518Personal academics correspondence, 1904 February-1905 November
519G. F. Peabody Funds, 1904–1905
520Wisconsin trip, 1904
521Library, 1903 September-1904 September
522Wallace Buttrick, 1905
523Harry Hodgson correspondence, 1904 September-1905 August
524Outside references, 1904 April-1905 March
525Misc. correspondence, 1905 April
526Forestry, 1905 March

12. A. Carnegie

527General correspondence and fund, 1904 February-1905 December

13. Business

528General business correspondence I, 1903 November-1904 December
529General business correspondence II, 1905 January
530Printing/advertising expenses I, 1902 April-1904 December
531Printing/advertising expenses II, 1905 January
532Transit expenses/receipts, 1903 December-1904 November
533Transit expenses/receipts, 1905 January-1905 December
534Advertising to/from Hill and/or University, 1904 April
535Personal bills, 1904 February-1906 January
536Commencement, 1904 January-1904 June
537Business mediation, 1904-1905
538Books, 1904
539Bill collection from faculty and students, 1904–1906
540Requests, 1904 March-1905 January
541General Thank you(s), 1904–1905
542University budget, 1903 July-1905 November
543Equipment expenses, 1903–1905
544Literary – Edwin Mims on Sidney Lanier, 1904 January-1905 December
545Martha Berry, 1904–1905
546Publication materials, 1904 January-1905 October
547Solicitation, 1904–1905
548Acknowledgment of receipt, 1905
549Miscellaneous, 1904 June-1905 December

14. Job-related inquiries

61Introductions, 1904 February-1905 November
62Job Inquiries/positions, 1904 March-1905 December
63Responses to job inquiries, 1904 January-1905 October
64Job openings, 1904 September
65Requests for recommendations I, 1903 December-1904 August
66Requests for recommendations II, 1904 September-December
67Requests for recommendations III, 1905 January
68Recommendations I, 1903 October-1904 December
69Recommendations II, 1905 January
610Applications for University positions I, 1903 January-1904 May
611Applications for University positions II, 1904 June-December
612Applications for University positions III, 1905 January
613Applications for University positions IV, 1905 February-March
614Applications for University positions V, 1905 April–December
615Librarian search I, 1904 February-June
616Librarian search II, 1904 June-1905 February
617Student positions, 1903 December-1905 November
618Business references, 1904 April-December
619British Consulate, 1904 May-July
620Correspondence with Booker T. Washington, 1904 December-1905 December
621Philippines, 1904 September-1905 November
622Thank You's and follow-ups to job recommendations, 1904 March-1905 November
623UGA non-academic positions, 1904 March
624Non-UGA academic positions, 1904 November 25
626Firing/quitting, 1902 February-1905 November
627Teacher's agencies, 1904 April

15. Summer Schools

628Declaration of principles: Summer School of the South, 1904
629Appropriations and finances, 1904 January
630Board of Directors meetings, 1903 November-1905 December
631Board of Directors orders of business, 1904 January-1905 January
632Administration–academics, 1899–1905
633Administration, non-academic, 1904 January-1905 August
634Catalogue requests, 1904–1905
635Catalogues sent/received, 1904 January-1905 September
636Information requests, 1904 April-1905 May
637Dormitory assignments, 1905 March
638Student Financial Aid, 1904 March 1904
639Sunday School, 1905 February-June

16. Trustees

71State Government, 1904–1905
72Finance, 1904–1905
73Reports, 1900–1905
74University System Administration, 1903 May-1904 May
75University System Administration, 1904 June-November
76University System Administration, 1905–1906
77Chancellor's Report–Topics for consideration, 1904–1905
78Correspondence with A. L. Hull, Secretary, 1904–1905
79Prudential Committee, 1904–1905
710Board of Visitors, 1904–1905
711Honorary degrees,, 1904–1905
712Miscellaneous resolutions, 1904 December
713Miscellaneous – Trustees, 1903–1905

17. Alumni

714Photos, 1904 August-1905 May
715Photos, 1905 May-November
716Statistics and information, 1904 March-1905 December
717Class Presidents and reunions, 1904 March–April
718Bulletin, 1904 April-1905 August
719Funds, 1901 July-1905 April
720Addresses, 1904 May-1905 June
721Commencement, 1904 March
722Organizations, 1904 January
723Proxy (Endowment Fund, Alumni Fund, Student Organizations), 1905 April–June
724Events, 1904 April-1905 June
725Subscriptions – Extension Service, 1905 June
726Letters of Thanks, 1905 March–June

18. Academic/professional organizations

727Southern Education Board/General Education Board I, 1903 December-1904 December
728Southern Education Board/General Education Board II, 1904 December
729Southern Educational Association I, 1903 June-1904 March
730Southern Educational Association II, 1904 April–August
731Southern Educational Association III, 1904 September-October
732Southern Educational Association IV, 1904 November
733Southern Educational Association V, 1904 December
734Southern Educational Association VI, 1905
735Georgia organizations I, 1903–1904
736Georgia organizations II, 1905
737Georgia High School organizations/accreditation, 1902 November-1904 December
738Georgia High School organizations/accreditation, 1905
739Georgia Education System, 1904
740Outside Georgia Education System, 1904 April-1905 July
741College and University organizations, 1903 December-1904 May
742College and University organizations, 1904 June-1904 November
743College and University organizations, 1905–1906
744International Organizations, 1905 September-December
745Professional organizations-literature, meetings and miscellaneous, 1904 March-1905 December
746National Educational Aid, 1904 January–March
747Academic information, 1904 November-1905 December
748Correspondence with Harvard College, 1902–1905
749Miscellaneous collegiate correspondence, 1903–1905

19. Speeches/writing

81General correspondence, 1903 December-1905 October
82Invitation to speak/be present, 1904
83Invitation to speak/be present, 1905 January-1906 May
84Request/recommendation for speakers, 1904–1906
85Speeches received, sent and requested, 1903-1905
86Student speeches, 1904 July
87Lectures to students, 1904–1905
88Sending out speeches and pamphlets, 1905
89Literature sent and received, 1903–1904
810Literature sent and received, 1905
811Request to write articles, 1899 November-1905 November
812Literature recommendations, 1905
813Articles and published works, 1903 December-1905 June
814Meetings, 1904 February–1905 November
815Visits in Georgia, 1904–1905
816Visits to academic sites in Georgia, 1904–1905
817Visits outside Georgia, 1904-1905
818Absences and vacations, 1904 March-1905 August
819Hill in Europe, 1905 July-November
820Commencement invitations, 1904 February-June
821Declined invitations, 1904 January-1905 April
822Declined invitations, 1905 May-December
823Accepted invitations, 1903–1905
824Men of Mark in Georgia, 1905 March-December
825Congratulations, 1904–1905
826Miscellaneous, 1904–1905

20. Personal papers

91Academic issues (non-University), 1904-1905
92Activism, general, 1904-1906
93Activism, Phillippines, 1904-1905
94Banquet RSVPs, Chancellorship, 1899
95Blackburn Controversy (lost cause), 1905 March-May
96Clippings, miscellaneous (Chancellorship), 1899
97Gordon Monument, 1904-1905
98Law (non-University), 1903-1906
99Law-farewell to the legal profession and the city of Macon (address), 1899
910Law Library (personal), 1905
911Miscellaneous correspondence (with copy of WBH automobile sketch)
912Personal correspondence, 1900-1904
913Personal correspondence, 1905 January-May
914Personal correspondence, 1905 June-December
915Personal correspondence (family), 1904-1905
916Personal correspondence (death of WBH), 1905
917Personal: Walter Barnard Hill memorial volume, 1906 May
918Personal: miscellaneous (includes copy of WBH auto sketch), 1904
919Railroad incident (South Carolina), 1905 April-May
920Religious issues, 1903-1905
921Sent/received materials, 1903-1905
922Speeches and articles: "The ethical element in education", 1904
923Speeches and articles: "The forest of Arden" (first Summer School address)
924Speeches and articles: "The great American safety valve", 1892
925Speeches and articles: "Legal restrain upon the vices of society"
926Speeches and articles: "Lincoln in th South"
927Speeches and articles: "The Morrill Bill vs the Blair Bill", 1904
928Speeches and articles: "Nationalism not opposed to truest sectionalism", 1905 April
929Speeches and articles: "Negro education in the South"
930Speeches and articles: "Notes on the Negro problem"
931Speeches and articles: "A plea for tolerance", 1905 February
932Speeches and articles: "The psychology and ethics of fun", 1902
933Speeches and articles: "A sermon in stone", 1903
934Speeches and articles: "Sidney Lanier"
935Speeches and articles: "Southern education: a national responsibility", 1904
936Speeches and articles: "Uncle Tom without a cabin", 1902 July
937Visitation correspondence, 1903-1905
938Walter B. Hill (UA97-094) working papers, 2007-2009

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