Request Material

Joy Bright Hancock papers

Joy Bright Hancock papers

Descriptive Summary

Title: Joy Bright Hancock papers
Creator: Hancock, Joy Bright, 1898-
Inclusive Dates: 1918-1972
Language(s): English
Extent: 9.6 Linear Feet (9 document boxes, 5 oversized boxes, 1 oversize folder A)
Collection Number: ms854
Repository: Hargrett Library
Abstract: The collection consists of papers of Joy Bright Hancock from 1918-1972. The papers include correspondence, mainly commendatory letters but some relating to Hancock's naval duties and inspection tours; speeches; printed material pertaining to WAVE policies, articles by and about Hancock, and naval aviation; manuscript articles for radio and television; photographs; clippings of Navy press releases; manuscripts, drafts, and corrected versions of Hancock's book Lady in the Navy; certificates and citations; and scrapbooks (1943-1965) of clippings detailing Hancock's career.

Collection Description

Historical Note

Joy Bright Hancock (1898- ) enlisted in the Women's Naval Reserve in 1918 as a Yeoman and rose to the rank of Captain, Director of Women's Reserve by 1946. She was one of eight women sworn into the regular Navy under the Women's Armed Service Integration Act of 1948 and retired in 1953.

Through the leadership of Captain Hancock, the U. S. Navy was able to activate a program of growth and stability as women became an important part of that branch of military service. She has been the recipient of the Navy Commendation Ribbon, World War I and II Victory Medals, and a special World War I medal presented by the state of New Jersey. The establishment of the Joy Bright Hancock Fund continues to exemplify her interest not only in the University of Georgia, but in the principles of education and scholarship to improve the quality of life for students and the general public. Her service to America remains strong.

Scope and Content

In 1973, Captain Joy Bright Hancock presented her papers to the University of Georgia Libraries. This outstanding manuscript collection numbering nearly 3,000 pieces relates the distinguished career of Captain Hancock in the U. S. Navy. The papers contain correspondence with Bess Truman, Senator Margaret Chase Smith, Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox, Admiral Nimitz, Anna Rosenberg, Margaret Chung, and many other figures prominent in government and service in the World War II era. The collection gives invaluable insight into the history of women in the U. S. Navy.

Organization and Arrangement

Arranged into 9 series: Series 1. Letters and documents; Series 2. Speeches, Articles and Miltary Materials (see Subseries 2.1 to 2.4); Series 3. Naval Aviation Materials; Series 4. Women in the Navy; Series 5. Lady in the Navy; Series 6. Military Yearbooks and Commendations; Series 7. Scrapbooks; Series 8. Citations; Series 9. Edith Langdale Stallings Materials. Also included in the collection are a number of large-sized military portraits.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Joy Bright Hancock papers, ms854, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared on: 2010 April 15.

General Notes

Cataloged as part of the Georgia Archives and Manuscripts Automated Access Project: A Special Collections Gateway Program of the University Center in Georgia.

Related Materials and Subjects

Subject Terms

Manuscripts (documents)
Speeches (documents)
United States. Naval Reserve. Women's Reserve
United States. Navy
Women and the military -- United States.
World War, 1939-1945.

Related Collections in this Repository

Related collections in this repository: Joy Bright Hancock papers, ms2290.

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing


1. Letters and Documents

11Biography, brief (1 item)
12Letters (17 items)
1st day Issue, U.S. Stamps, Women in Armed Services
Letter or Letters from:John R. Blandford, Major General USMCD. B. Duncan, Admiral, USNA. M. Pride, Rear Admiral, USNChester W. Nimitz, Fleet Admiral, USNR. W. Ruble, Rear Admiral, USNJ. W. Roper, Rear Admiral, USNThomas L. Sprague, Admiral USNJ. J. Clark, Vice Admiral, USNK. A. Thieme, Captain, USNRobert B. Carney, Admiral, USNR. B. Pirie, Captian, USNLynde D. McCormick, Admiral, USNM. Elaine Grant, Commander, USN
13Letters, Commendatory, 1937-1941 (29 items)
H. E. Yarnell, Admiral, USN
14Letters, Commendatory, 1943-1949 (24 items)
D. C. Ramsey, Rear Admiral, USN
Chester W. Nimitz. Admiral, USNMildred McAfee Horton, Captain, USNJohn L. Sullivan, Secretary of the Navy
15Letters, Commendatory, 1950-1957 1953 (28 items)
R. McC.Pate, Brig. General, USMC
Mary A. Hallaren, Colonel, Director WACAnna M. Rosenberg, Ass't Sec'y of DefenseInauguration Ceremonies, InvitationDorothy C. Stratton, Nat'l Exec. Director, Girl Scouts of AmericaLemuel C. Shepherd, Jr. Commandant, USMC
16Letters, Commendatory, 1960-1966 (20 items)
Main R. Bocher, Couturier
Ralph J. Bunche, Under-Sec'y, UNJ. Robert Oppenheimer (Father of Atomic Bomb)Mildred McAfee Horton, Capt, USN, (Ret)R. B. Brown, Vice Admiral, MC, USNJ. S. Cowan, Captain, MC, USN
17Letters, Commendatory, 1967-1969 (36 items)
Margaret Chase Smith, US Senator
William A. Read, Vice Admiral, USN (Ret)R. S. Colbert, Vice Admiral, USNPaul A. Anderson, Captain, USNClifford P. Case, U.S. Senator
18Letters, Commendatory, 1970-1972 & n.d. (29 items)
George Romney, Sec'y HUD
Clifford P. Case, US SenatorJames Dowd, Naval Aerospace Med. Inst.H. B. Miller, Rear Admiral, USN (Ret)Carl Vinson, US CongressmanWilliam A. Read, Vice Admiral, USN (Ret)F. Edward Hébert, Chairman, Armed Services Com.Bess L. TrumanMargaret Chase Smith, US SenatorMary McGrory, The Evening Star, Washington, D.C.
19Canadian Inspection Tour Correspondence. Farewell message-McAfee. Farewell recommendations-Hancock (13 items)
need for women in Navy
110European Inspection Trip Report, 1949 (3 items)
111Waves-Policies, A (5 items)
112Waves-Policies, B & C (6 items)
113Air Traffic Controllers "Sick-Out" Correspondence (15 items)
114Speech to Womens Officers' School in Newport, 1970 (1 item)
115Correspondence (7 items)
Rear Admiral Reeves
116Correspondence, 1969 (5 items)
American Legion Con.
117Correspondence, General (2 items)

2. Speeches, Articles, and Military Materials

2.1 Manuscripts of Radio and TV and Articles

21Manuscripts of radio and TV and articles, I
22Manuscripts of radio and TV and articles, II
23Manuscripts of radio and TV and articles, III

2.2 Speeches

24Speeches, I
25Speeches, II

2.3 Articles

26Articles by and about Captain Hancock, I
27Articles by and about Captain Hancock, II
28Articles by and about Captain Hancock, III

2.4 U.S.S. Lewis Hancock

29Commissioning of the U.S.S. Lewis Hancock
210Christening of the U.S.S. Lewis Hancock
1ALarge military portraits, 1942-1943

3. Naval Aviation Materials

31Training in aviation, I (3 items)
32Training in aviation, II (4 items)
33Training in aviation, III (6 items)
34Training in aviation, IV (1 vol.)
35Waves: Articles re progress of program, 1951-1972 (9 items)
36Chronology of U. S. Naval Aviation (Miller) (1 vol.)
37Waves: Promotional Material (3 items)
38U. S. Naval Aviation, 1910-1960 by Van Wyen & Pearson (1 vol.)

4. Women in the Navy

41Women in the Navy: Legislation (16 items)
42Women in the Navy: Navy Press Releases, I (20 items)
43Women in the Navy: Navy Press Releases, II (12 items)
44Women in the Navy: Navy Press Releases, III (34 items)
45Women in the Navy: Navy Press Releases, IV (20 items)
46Women in the Navy: Navy Press Releases, V (50 items)
47Women in the Navy: Navy Press Releases, VI (14 items)
48Women in the Navy: Navy Press Releases, VII (48 items)
49Women in the Navy: Navy Press Releases, VIII (46 items)
410Women in the Navy: Margaret Chung, Correspondence and picture (14 items)

5. Lady in the Navy (manuscript)

51Lady in the Navy: First rough draft (154 items)
52Lady in the Navy: Carbon (125 items)
53Lady in the Navy: Carbon (241 items)
54Lady in the Navy: Re-working of Ms., I (177 items)
55Lady in the Navy: Re-working of Ms., II (110 items)
56Lady in the Navy: Re-working of Ms., III (119 items)
57Lady in the Navy: Re-working of Ms., IV (80 items)
61Lady in the Navy: First edited copy, by I. Robb, I (87 items)
62Lady in the Navy: First edited copy, by I. Robb, II (45 items)
63Lady in the Navy: First edited copy, by I. Robb, III (71 items)
64Lady in the Navy: First edited copy, by I. Robb, IV (57 items)
65Lady in the Navy: Final Working Draft, I (103 items)
66Lady in the Navy: Final Working Draft, II (72 items)
67Lady in the Navy: Final Working Draft, III (58 items)
68Lady in the Navy: Final Working Draft, IV (94 items)
69Lady in the Navy: Final Working Draft, V (54 items)
610Lady in the Navy: Final Ms. Chapters 1-6 (112 items)
611Lady in the Navy: Final Ms. Chapters 7-12 (102 items)
612Lady in the Navy: Final Ms. Chapters 13-End (116 items)
71Lady in the Navy: Corrected galley proofs (165p)
72Lady in the Navy: Miscellaneous research (19 items)
73Lady in the Navy: Reviews (6 items)

6. Military Yearbooks and Commendations, Other

74Dacowits, Minutes, October 3-6, 1971 (1 vol.)
75Hancock "Recollections...." Annapolis, 1971 (1 vol.)
76Yearbook: Marine Corps Recruit Depot (no date) (1 vol.)
77Yearbook: Officer Indoctrination, Women, Newport, R.I. Dedicated to Captain Hancock, 1953 (1 vol.)
78Yearbook: The Compass, 1952 (1 vol.)
79Yearbook: The Portal, 1956 (1 vol.)
81Portrait, Uniforms, re (9 items)
82Resolutions-City of Wildwood, N. J. & letters, re, 1946 (4 items)
83Citations and Commendations, 1942-1951 (13 items)
84Citations and Commendations, 1953-1968 (15 items)
85Scrapbook, Photos, Visit to WRNS, April 1949 (1 vol.)
86Retirement review, May, 1953
86NTC Bainbridge, Md.
86Letters, Programs, Photographs (1 vol.)

7. Scrapbooks

91News Clippings, 1915-1951
92News Clippings, 1941-1946
93News Clippings, 1942-1972
94News Clippings, 1951-1954
95Joy Hancock Bright Papers. Clippings, 1975-
105Photos, 1942-1944
106Photos, July 1944-September 1944
107Scrapbooks, 1943-1946
108Photos, September 1944-January 1945
119Scrapbook, 1946-1950
119Scrapbook, 1951-1952
119Scrapbook, 1953-1965
1212Scrapbook, Photos, Hawaii, 1946
1213Scrapbook, K-X Dedication & article re Shenandoah
1214Scrapbook, Party honoring Captain Hancock, November 15, 1960
1315Scrapbook. Retirement (Photos), 1953 (1 vol.)
1316Scrapbook. Waves, 10th, 20th, 30th Reunions (1 vol.)

8. Citations

131Certificate of Honor: Citizen of Five Mile Beach, N. J. Signed:Senator William H. Bright (Capt. Hancock's father) and others, May 30, 1919
132Membership certificate: "Society of Indisputable Indispensables.", April 4, 1945
133Appointment: Lieutenant, U. S. Naval Reserve. Signed: Frank Knox, Secretary of the Navy, October 15, 1942
134Citation: "To you who ...served in ...Armed Forces ... to bring about the total defeat of the enemy..." No date. Signed: Harry S. Truman, 1945
135Appointment: Lieutenant Commander, U.S.N. Signed: John L. Sullivan, Sec'y. of the Navy, October 3, 1945
136Appointment: Commander, U.S.N. Signed: Francis P. Matthews, January 1, 1950
137Resolutions: State of New Jersey Senate. Greetings & congratulations to Capt. Hancock, and Vice-Admiral Edwin Daisey Foster, for outstanding performance of duty. Signed: Samuel L. Bodine, President of the Senate, March 20, 1950
138Commendation: State of New Jersey. To Capt. Hancock. Signed: Alfred E. Driscoll, Governor, March 20, 1950
139Commendation: To Captain Hancock, from Waves of Supreme Allied Command Europe. Signed: Twelve names, June 1, 1953
1310Certificate of Honorable Retirement: To Captain Hancock. Signed: Charles K. Duncan, Vice-Admiral, U. S. N. Chief of Naval Personnel, June 1, 1953
1311Certificate of Honorary Membership: Navy League of the united States, Jersey Cape Council. Signed: Ben Schlenzig, Council President, October 10, 1964

9. Edith Langdale Stallings materials

14Correspondence, Personal, 1943-1958
14Correspondence, Personal, 1960-1962 & Undated
14Correspondence, Official
14Christmas Cards
14Newspaper Clippings, re Waves, General
14Newspaper Clippings, re Waves, University-Forms and Dress
14Newspaper Clippings, General
14Newspapers (whole) re Navy
14Pamphlets, re: Waves
14Pamphlets, General
14Miscellaneous Material