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Georgia Gold Mining collection

Georgia Gold Mining collection

Descriptive Summary

Title: Georgia Gold Mining collection
Creator: Findley Gold Mining Company
Creator: Chestatee River Mining Company
Creator: Marietta and North Georgia Railway Company
Creator: Stephenson, Matthew F.
Creator: Pigeon Roost Mining Company
Creator: Etowah Gold Mining Company
Inclusive Dates: 1807-1920
Language(s): English
Extent: 0.25 Linear Feet (1 half Hollinger)
Collection Number: ms4167
Repository: Hargrett Library

Collection Description

Historical Note

Gold mining in Georgia began with a rush in the late 1820s, primarily in Lumpkin County and on a smaller scale in Villa Rica, and continued through the 1830s. The Gold Lottery of 1832 divided up what had been Cherokee Nation land, after the forced removal of native people, into 40 acre tracts for mining. Mines, mills, railroads, and towns were quickly established to facilitate the efforts as the rush gained momentum. A U.S. Mint was created in the new town of Dahlonega, in Lumpkin County, for a time to process the large amount of gold extracted. Mining processes evolved over time and a renewed effort was made to improve methods in the 1850s with the introduction of hydraulic mining systems. The Civil War eventually slowed gold mining operations in north Georgia to a near halt. For more information, see the New Georgia Encyclopedia article about the Georgia gold rush.

Scope and Content

The collection includes letters, land grants, gold grants, stocks and bonds, photographs, currency, and business prospectuses regarding gold mining in Georgia. Materials cover the 1830s gold rush and gold mining and processing operations throughout the state into the 20th Century.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Georgia Gold Mining collection, ms4167, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.

Related Materials and Subjects

Subject Terms

Adams, James M.
Bonds -- Georgia.
Corporation reports.
Cowl, Isaac J.
Dahlonega (Ga.) -- Gold discoveries.
Fractional currency.
Gold mines and mining -- Georgia.
Hydraulic mining -- Georgia -- Photographs.
Jones, Seaborn Henry, 1798-1859
Land grants -- Georgia.
Mining corporations -- Georgia.
Paschal, George Washington, 1812-1878
Property -- Georgia -- Carroll County.
Railroad companies -- Georgia.
Real property -- Georgia -- Cherokee County.
Stock certificates -- Georgia.
Villa Rica (Ga.) -- Gold discoveries.

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

11Land Grant - Wilkinson County, 1807
12Land Grant - Appling County, 1827
12Land Grants - Troup County, 1827
13Land Grants - Gold Grants - Cherokee County, 1832
14Georgia Gold Lottery ticket, circa 1832
15Fort Gaines Academy Lottery - winners notice, 1856
16Correspondence - W.M Kniley to George W. Paschal of Auraria, 1836
16Correspondence - William Rutherford to Col. Seaborn Jones, 1854
16Correspondence - Woodruff and Company Carriagie Repository to George W. Gordon, 1857
16Correspondence - Castle Hill to mine owner Isaac J. Cowl, 1862
17Deposition - fitness of James M. Adams to manage a mill including testimony by Matthew F. Stephenson, 1861
18Mining stock certificate - Chestatee Hydraulic Company, 1861
18Mining stock certificate - Ackworth Gold Mining and Smelting Company, 1868
18Mining stock certificate - Findley Gold Mining Company of Georgia, 1879
18Mining stock certificate - Guarantee Gold Mining Company of Georgia, 1879
18Mining stock certificate - Dahlonega Gold Mining Company, 1880
18Mining stock certificate - Chestatee River Mining Company, 1882
18Mining stock certificate - Georgia Mining and Manufacturing Company of New York, 1882
18Mining stock certificate - Gaynor Gold Mining Company, 1883
19Mining stock certificate - M. Lu Mining Company, 1884
19Mining stock certificates - S. Lu Mining Company, 1885, 1887
19Mining stock certificate - Tallapoosa Land, Mining, and Manufacturing Company, 1888
19Mining stock certificate - Addie-May Mining Company, 1892
19Mining stock certificate - Georgia Bauxite and Mining Company, 1898
19Mining stock certificate - Crown Mountain Gold Mining and Milling Company, 1900
19Mining stock certificate - Allen Mining, Smelting and Refining Company, 1906
19Mining stock certificate - Hinson Oil, Gas, and Development Company, 1908
19Mining stock certificate - Marsh Mining Company, 1920
110Railroad bond certificate - Marietta and North Georgia Railway Company, 1887
110Railroad stock certificate - Columbus Southern Railway Company, 1890
110Railroad stock certificate - Oconee Western Railroad Company - unused
110Railroad stock certificate - Dublin and Southwestern Railroad - unused
111Note - Bank of Darien - ten dollars, 1834
111Note - Pigeon Roost Mining Company scrip - five dollars, circa 1830
111Note - Bank of St. Marys - two dollars, 1843
111Note - Palace Mills scrip - two dollars - printed on Pigeon Roost Mining scrip, 1861
112Prospectus - Seminole Mining Company, 1900
112Prospectus - Etowah Gold Mining Company, 1903
112Prospectus - Lincoln Gold and Copper Mining Company, 1907
113Photographs - Boston and Kennesaw Mining Company, Villa Rica, Georgia, 1896