Request Material

Moina Belle Michael papers

Moina Belle Michael papers

Descriptive Summary

Title: Moina Belle Michael papers
Creator: Michael, Moina Belle, 1869-1944
Inclusive Dates: 1918-1940
Language(s): English
Extent: 0.5 Linear Feet 1 box
Collection Number: ms3137
Repository: Hargrett Library

Collection Description

Historical Note

After World War I, Moina Michael pursued the idea of selling silk poppies as a means for raising funds to assist disabled veterans. In 1921, her efforts results in the poppy being adopted as a symbol of remembrance for war veterans by the American Legion Auxiliary. She retired from the University of Georgia in 1934 and published an autobiography in 1941, The Miracle Flower: The Story of the Flanders Fields Memorial Poppy. In 1944, a Liberty ship constructed in Georgia was named the SS Moina Michael in her honor. In 1948, the U.S. Postal Service issued a commemorative stamp in her honor and in 1969 the Georgia General Assembly named a section of U.S. Highway 78 the Moina Michael Highway.

Scope and Content

The collection consists of correspondence, booklets, and news clippings regarding the establishment of the poppy as a memorial flower. Some correspondents include Mary B. Poppenheim, Mde. E. Guerin of the American & French Child's League, American Legion, Disabled American Veterans, and Charles M. Gallienne, Jr. Also included is a page of the 1948 Moina Michael stamp and a typescript titled The Miracle Flower.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Moina Belle Michael papers, ms3137, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared on: 2019.

Related Materials and Subjects

Subject Terms

Clippings (information artifacts)
Postage stamps.

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

11Papers, 1918
Bethel Woman's College; Notes on poppy day letters and publicity; Roster of Members of the 25 th Conference of Overseas War Work Secretaries of the YMCA; Roster of Members of the 28 th Conference of Overseas War Work Secretaries of the YMCA; ALS John Jury to Moina; Typed copy Moina to Hon Charles Brand; TLS Charles Brand to Moina; Typed copy of agreement between Moina & Otho L Ferris & Lee Keedick; ALS John C Elder to Moina Check on Bank of Monroe to Elder
12Papers, 1919
Newsclips; Card with torch and poppy signed by Moina; TLS Moina to Effie Polk; TLS Moina to Mrs Chas A Bruce; TL Edward A Filene to Moina; TLS Moina to Mrs W B Rhodes; TLS L H Marlin to Moina; TLS J W Beeson to Moina-glued on verso is-; TLS Nannie B Edwards to Moina; TLS [G] B Dixon to Moina & on verso is Newsclip of; TLS Emily Douglass to Moina; Newsclip; TLS Mrs G A Mahan to Moina; TLS H M Gage to Moina; State Normal School program; Guests were old soldiers & sailors of world war; Newsclip regarding memorial service at University Chapel; TLS Mary B Poppenheim UDC to Moina
13Papers, 1920-1925
Newsclip on Legion's Stand on Union Labor; Isabella Mack to Moina, regarding American & French Child's League; "Le Semeur", article by Mde E Guerin on the League; Typed copy of article by Mde E Guerin on the League; Lemuel Bolles, American Legion to Moina; Copy of typed letter from E Guerin to Moina; Clipping from Herst's American newspaper; TLS Chas M Gallienne Jr to Moina, and copy of his Resolution
14Papers, 1931-1941
Typed resolution, L L Hargrove, Disabled American Vets of World War, awarding Moina the Woodrow Wilson Foundation Award; Typed copy Tramwell Scott to Moina of following; Typed copy of American Legion directive; TLS Lee Keedick regarding fist poppy sale; Copy of TLS Moina to Mme E Guerin and Mme J Boulle; TLS E A Guerin to Moina
15Stamps, 1948
Issue of 50 stamps, 3 cents, with Moina's picture and poppy in presentation folder from Auxiliary, Allen R Fleming Jr Post No 20, American Legion
16Papers, undated
Business cards and notes; Service Star Legion information
17Moina's The Miracle Flower typescript, 1940