Request Material

World War I photographs

World War I photographs

Descriptive Summary

Title: World War I photographs
Creator: Unknown
Inclusive Dates: 1918-1919
Language(s): English
Extent: 1.2 Linear Feet 1 oversized box
Collection Number: ms2699
Repository: Hargrett Library

Collection Description

Scope and Content

The collection consists of photographs of the United States Army Signal Corps in Europe during World War I from 1918-1919. The photographs include images of camp life, trenches, the destruction of towns and countryside in France and Germany, German prisoners, American field hospitals and ambulance corps, battlefields, and troops.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

World War I photographs, ms2699, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding Aid prepared by Auburn Avenue Research Library on African American Culture and History, 2010 August 16.

General Notes

Cataloged as part of the Georgia Archives and Manuscripts Automated Access Project: A Special Collections Gateway Program of the University Center in Georgia.

Related Materials and Subjects

Subject Terms

Military hospitals -- France -- Photographs.
Military hospitals -- Germany -- Photographs.
United States. Army. Signal Corps
World War, 1914-1918 -- France.
World War, 1914-1918 -- Germany.
World War, 1914-1918 -- Photographs.

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

11American aerial observers dropping in parachutes after their balloon had been attacked; 28th Division, France
11Seventeen American planes in V-shaped battle formation
11American observation balloon descending
11Kite balloon at height of 200 ft. as seen from airplane at height of 3,000 ft.; note the shadow of balloon on the ground
11The American advance northwest of Verdun; American negro infantrymen advancing toward the front in the Argonne along a screened highway
12On outpost dut armed with a Franch automatic rifle, a team of American marksmen hold this outpost in the Vosges
12American soldiers advancing up the slopes of Hill 240, near Evermont. The man advanced a few yards at a time, "diggin in" at every step. They fought their way to the top in the face of heavy fire from German rifles and machine-guns, and drove the enemy from the position
12At dawn, as a good morning greeting to the Hun, this American battery of 155's sent a salvo into the enemy's lines, north of the Argonne forest
12American artillery seored a bull's eye on a German ammunition dump, which exploded with a terrific uproar at the place from which the cloud of smoke is rolling. The "jumpoff" and No Man's Land lie near the crest of the first hill, near Verdun
12Firing stokes mortars at the enemy from front line trenches; 165th Regt., Inf., 42nd Div., France
13Yankee engineers rehearse the role they are to play in a Lorraine trench raid. The tubes they carry are filled with explosive to blow up the Boche barb wire
13Boche shells bursting above a road in the Argonne, in an attempt to interrupt the march of an American battery of field artillery. The battery is passing the shell-shattered barn at the end of the road
13In the captured salient of St. Mihiel. American infantrymen dug in beside a road in the St. Mihiel salient. The Boche was moving fast and the Americans had to move fast to keep on his heels. As a conseguence the Americans had no time to dig elaborate shelters
13Yankee engineers rehearse the role they are to play in a Lorraine trench raid. They are creeping forward to wreck the Boche wire by exploding long tubes filled with cheddite. The bursts in the background are from smoke bombs
13The revenge of the conquered: When the Boche was driven out of Thiacourt by the assault of the victorious Americans, he set fire to the town and turned his batteries upon its walls. This snapshot by a photographer of the U.S. Signal Corps shows a typical street scene in the town at the height of the excitement
14German machine gunners wear the Red Cross. Six Germans were killed by an American shell in this machine-gun nest, France. Note arme of German gunner with Red Cross brassard
14At the end of day of successes: American infantry resting on a battlefield in the St. Mihiel Salient. The dark patches of fresh earth indicate shell holes and places where troops have dug hasty shelters in the course of the advance
14Pressed for time and under fire, American engineers in the Argonne did their bit as road builders. Here is a detachment of them clearing a roadway through a town that only a few hours before hed been at the borders of No Man's Land. The old barb wire entanglements and chevaux de frises that used to bar the end of the street show in the foreground
14This dugout, in the shadow of a wrecked railway bridge, used to furnish quarters for American officers in the days preceeding the Yankee advance into the salient of St. Mihiel. Today the Yanks are proceeding northward into new billets recently vacated by the Germans. (The bridge was wrecked four years ago "by the" (sic) French when they feared that the Germans might be able to "maintain it." (sic)
14From the ruins of the captured town of Varennes a battery of American field artillery fires a salvo at the retreating German columns
15American engineers at work repairing a bridge across the Aire which had been dynamited by the Germans offer retreating before the Franco-American assault
15Street scene in the village of Exermont, shortly after its capture by the Americans. The evidences of battle are everywhere. Members of the tank corps seek shelter as a German shell is heard overhead
15American gunners, working at top speed. They did their work well in St. Mihiel salient to "encourage the German withdrawal." This photograph graphically shows the speed with which the American artillery-men worked
15Filming a battlefield during an artillery bombardment
15Members of an American machine-gun battalion map-sketching in Germany
16Ambulance station of the 101st Ambulance Co., 26th Div., and a camouflaged ambulance. This station was back of lines, France
16Streams of Americans in olive drab pouring into the St. Mihiel salient, pressing the Boche retreat. Montaec, the fortified hill which fell into American hands in the course of the first day of the assault, in the background. The soldiers in the foreground are machine gunners; their column is crossing the route of a supply train
16Members of the 112th Field Hospital, 28th Div., living practically outdoors, as the walls were torn away by the shelling since 1914; Neuville, Meuse, France
16To protect their wounded passengers from Boche gunners, American ambulance drivers near Verdun camouflaged their cars with cloth and branches. They are taking no chance in the "respect" which the Boche should pay to the emblem of humanity, the Red Cross
16A big American field piece which was being brought up to the front to batter the Germans in the Argonne, turned over in a shell hole. The task of getting the gun back in the road required several hours
17Rather than allow this "Big Bertha" to fall into the hands of the Americans and the Australians, the retreating Germans in the Valley of the Somme dynamited their gunaand wrecked the emplacement. The length of the broken barrel is 45 feet. The bore is 15.2 inches. It had been placed in Cappy-sur-Somme to fire upon Amiens, twenty miles away. This purpose was never realized
17The American army kitchen shown was photographed in the woods somewhere near the very heart of the captured salient of St. Mihiel
17An American ammunition wagon northeast of St. Mihiel, stuck in a bad place in the road, holds up the advance of whole column
17Mobile anti-aircraft searchlights, used by the Engineer Corps
17Portraits from "over there"; Brigadier General Lloyd M. Brett, with the American Expeditionary Forces in France
18On top of the captured hill of Montsec. American observers directing artillery fire and troop movements from an observation station which a few hours before was in possession of the Germans. In the foreground are small rough-hewn ladders used in descending into dugouts
18A drinking water reservoir for American troops moving toward the front in the Argonne. It is an excavation lined with a number of pieces of rubberized canvas
18German officers captured by the Yanks in the salient of St. Mihiel being conducted to a division headquarters for examination by American intelligence officers
18Columns of Boche prisoners taken by the Americans in the first day of the assault on the St. Mihiel salient, marching in the rain toward the prison pens prepared for them back of the American lines
18In the captured salient of St. Miheil; a stone in Bouillonville road "1815-Bismarck-1915"; but one of the American soldires who drove the Germans out of St. Mihiel salient revised the text
19The leaders of two patrols, one French and one American, meet in front of a German built headquarters building near the heart of the salient of St. Mihiel and exchange greetings
19King George decorates American troops; King George, Gen. John J. Pershing, and Staff on way to reviewing and decoration field, France
19Julius Rosenwald, formerly chairman of the National Advisory Committee at Washington, speaking from a motor car to American soldiers at a supply base in France. Mr. Rosenwald was sent overseas by the Secretary of War with messages to the American soldiers from governors and senators of all the states
19Arrayed in their trophies of war a quartette of Yanks in the Argonne pese for group portrait. The souvenir collection includes Boche helmets and breastplates, a Mauser rifle, and-at the extreme right-a tank gun which weighs 40 pounds
19The ruined towns of the Argonne furnish billets to the American troops despite the devestation wrought by shells. Though the houses are wrecked, dugouts in the cellars provide quarters for an unsuspected number of fighting men
110Among the first officers captured by the Americans in their assault upon the salient of St. Mihiel were this German major (center) and two lieutenants. The group was made in a prison stockade back of the lines
110General John J. Pershing, Commander in Chief of the American Expeditionary Forces in France (left) and Major General William M. Wright in a town in the salient of St. Mihiel, shortly after the capture of the salient by American troops
110Snapshots from the St. Mihiel salient; an American Field Signal Battalion's telephone switchboard in operation. The American equipment was enriched with several hundred miles of Boche wires captured in the clean-up and a number of telephones. One of these telephones, stamped with the German eagle, appears in the background on the wooden table
110Refugees in a town deep in the St. Mihiel salient in front of their devastated home
110Searching prisoners taken in St. Mihiel salient, for weapons and papers, before placing them in temporary detention pens
111Where Yankees lived as cliff dwellers. A view of dugout barracks on a hillside bordering the eastern edge of what was once the "St. Mihiel salient." This was a third line position. The valley was popularly known as "Gas Hollow."
111How the Boche plays the war game: He painted a large red cross on the roof of this church in Braye-sur-Somme, in the line of the British-American advance, and under the protection of the cross used the church for a headquarters and a barracks. When he was friven out of the town he stripped the sanctuary of its art treasures and then attempted to wreck the building with explosives
111Snapshots from the St. Mihiel salient; an American Signal Corps officer testing a German telephone left behind by the Boche in the hasty retreat from the salient of St. Mihiel
111The ruined church on the crest of the captured height of Montfaucon. "Montfacon, that village on a hilltop which is the highest point between the Aisne and the Meuse, and from whose church steeple, one visible for miles around like a finger pointed to Heaven, the Crown Prince watched in 1916 the vain slaughter of his countrymen." This was the condition of the site after the Americans finally drove the Germans out from it
111Three Yanks and a Poilu, all handy with the trowel, rebuilding a shell-torn wall to provide another billet for the Franco-American troops on the advance in the Argonne
112Co. C, 524th Engrs. pulling down a shell hole torn building in Fliry to mend the roads through the German trenches which were blown up before the German retreat; Meurthe et Moselle, France
112A view in Varonnes, one of the first towns captured by the Americans in the Franco-American advance in the Argonne. The river in the foreground is the Aire
112Thanks to the British-American advances, Peronne is at last out of range of German guns, but irreparable damage has been done to the fine cathedral
112Capturing St. Mihiel salient. American officers make merry at a captured German canteen
112German prisoners, under American guard, carrying a wounded camrade to the dressing stations behind the American lines near Argonne. Note chevaux des frises which formerly barred the passage across the bridge
113A message by tube to Hunland, By the 14 inch tube of a railway gun, these Yankee coast artillerymen send their respects from the Argonne to a Boche railway center. The target is some twenty miles farther north
113The Yankees now seem somewhat less "contemptible" to the German military mind. Her is one of the reasons-a 14 inch railway gun manned by Yankee coast artillerymen who are painstakingly backing up the American advances in the Argonne. The gun, working in liaison with airplane observation, pounds the enemy's lines from a distance of twenty miles
113A procession of Yankee tanks going forward to action in the Forest of Argonne, France