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Charles H. Wharton papers

Charles H. Wharton papers

Descriptive Summary

Title: Charles H. Wharton papers
Creator: Wharton, Charles H.
Inclusive Dates: 1935-1982
Bulk Dates: 1970-1980
Language(s): English
Extent: 6 Linear Feet (6 boxes)
Collection Number: UA97-053
Repository: University of Georgia Archives

Collection Description

Historical Note

Charles H. Wharton was an ecologist who served as a research associate at the University of Georgia's Institute of Ecology from 1981 until his death in 2003. Prior to his UGA career, he spent 20 years researching and teaching at Georgia State University. His best known work is The Natural Environments of Georgia, published in 1978. In the 1960s and '70s, Wharton successfully led the fight against channelization of the Alcovy River. His efforts not only saved the Alcovy but also led to changes in federal policies concerning channelization nationwide.

In 1966, Wharton developed the Georgia Natural Areas Council, which conducted the most comprehensive survey of Georgia's natural areas and identified places worthy of preservation such as Ossabaw Island, Panola Mountain, Sprewell Bluff, Pumpkinvine Creek, and Talking Rock Creek — all of which were eventually preserved. Later in his life, as chair of the Preservation 2000 Council, Wharton helped protect more than 103,000 acres of natural habitats. In 1992, the Georgia Wildlife Federation (GWF) named Wharton Conservationist of the Year.

For more than 40 years, Dr. Wharton made his home in the Georgia mountains on a 129-acre unique tract of land at the headwaters of the Tallulah River. There, he studied and wrote about the flora and fauna of the Southern Appalachians. Upon his death, Wharton left his land to the GWF to manage. In doing so, the GWF established the Wharton Conservation Center to protect the land and make it available for education and research projects.

Scope and Content

The Charles H. Wharton collection is comprised primarily of Dr. Wharton's investigations of bottomland forests and wetlands and the effects of stream channelization. He studied many river systems in the Southeastern United States including the Alcovy, a tributary of the Ocmulgee, the Altamaha, the Chattahoochee, the Flint, the Nantahala, the Savannah, and the Tallulah. Swamps which benefitted from his research and advocacy include the Atchafalaya in Louisiana and the Congaree in South Carolina. He is best known for his pioneering work The Natural Environments of Georgia.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Charles H. Wharton papers, UA97-053, University of Georgia Archives, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.

Related Materials and Subjects

Subject Terms

Georgia State University
Georgia Wildlife Federation
University of Georgia. Institute of Ecology
Wetland conservation -- Georgia.
Wharton, Charles H.

Related Collections in this Repository

Related collections in the repository include the Institute of Ecology records, UA97-066, the Eugene Odum papers--Institute of Ecology, UA97-045, and the Ecological Society of America papers, UA97-061.

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

11Forested Wetland Ecosystems of the Southern United States, 1972 November
12Floodplain Vegetation, Pt. 1, undated
13Floodplain Vegetation, Pt. 2, undated
14Floodplain Fauna, undated
15Physical-Chemical Characteristics of Rivers and Their Floodplains, 1978
16Values and Functions of Bottomlands Hardwoods by Charles H. Wharton, 1979
17Cypress Wetlands for Water Management, Recycling and Conservation, 1974
18Computer Mapping of Forest Vegetation - Swamps, 1981
19River Ecology and the Impact of Man: Morphometric Changes by T. Blench, 1973?
110Stream Impoundments, undated
111Classification of Wetlands and Deep-Water Habitats of the United States, 1977 October
112Wetland Ecosystems, 1978
113Riverine Mangrove Wetlands, undated
114Wetlands Fooding, 1953, 1967
115Timber Potentials in the Wetland Hardwood by Stephen G. Boyce and Noel D. Cost, 1976
116Management of Lowland Hardwood Wetlands for Wildlife by Leigh H. Fredrickson, undated
117Bottomland Hardwood Forests Communities and Their Relation to Flooded and Saturated Soil Conditions by Robert Terry Huffman, 1980 June
118Bottomland Hardwood Forest Land Resources of the Southeastern United States by R. Eugene Turner, Stephen W. Forsythe and Nancy J. Craig, 1980 May
119Bottomland Soils by William H. Patrick, Jr., undated
120Swamps and Hardwood Bottomlands, 1970
121Bottomland Hardwood Cypress Forests in the Southeast: Extent, Condition, Management and Research Needs by O. Gordon Langdon, et al, 1980 May
122Bottomland Hardwood Forests - Use by Fishes in the Southeastern U.S. by C. F. Bryan and J.V. Conner, undated
123Plant Associations and Indicator Species, 1971
124Southern Hardwood Species and Chief Softwood Associates, undated
125Bottomland Hardwoods: A Synopsis of Values of Overflow to Fish and Wildlife, 1979 July
126Area of Commercial Land in Bottomland Forest Types in Five Southern States, undated
127The Complete Forest Concept by Harold E. Young, undated
128Proceedings of the Central Hardwood Forest Conference III, 1980 September
129Biomass Utilization and Management Implications by Harold E. Young, 1980 September
130A Balanced View of the Forest as a Source of Energy Material by Harold E. Young, 1980 September
131Hardwoods: Thinning, Response to Cutting, 1966. 1980
132Bottomland Hardwood Stands, 1956, 1965, 1972-1973
133River-Swamp Life Support System and the Cost of Modification by Howard T. Odum and Charles H. Wharton, undated
134Hardwood Swamps and Related Topics: Selected Bibliography, 1975 February
135Succession, undated
136Summary of Salamander Species and Estimates of Occurrence in Basin Terrestrial Habitats, undated
137Biological Basis for Assessing Impacts of Channel Modification by Arthur B. Benke, David M. Gillespie and Fred K. Parrish, 1979
138Coastal Ecosystems of the Southeastern United States, 1980 February
139Ecological Factors in the Determination of Riparian Wetland Boundaries, 1980 June
140Stream Channelization, 1966, 1970-1972
141Report on Workshop in Hydrologic and Meteorological Processes by D.D. Huff, 1970 September
142Hydrologic Behavior of Stream Channels by Thomas Maddock, Jr., 1972 March
143Plant Distribution from the Carolina Coast to the Southern Appalachians, undated
144Aerial Color Photography in the Plant Sciences and Related Fields, 1973 July
21Correlation of Apalachicola River Floodplain Tree Communities with Water Levels, Elevation and Soils by Helen McAninch Leitman, 1978
22The Apalachicola River and Bay System: A Florida Resource, 1977 April
23Vegetation of the Apalachicola National Forest: An Ecological Perspective by Andre F. Clewell, 1971 November
24Conceptual Fish and Wildlife Management Plan for Lower Apalachicola EEL Tract, 1978 December
25Investigation of Dredged Material Disposal Sites on the Lower Apalachicola River by Neal F. Eichholz, Douglas B. Bailey and Anne V. McGehee, 1979
26Long-Term Fluctuations of Epibenthic Fish and Invertebrate Populations in Apalachicola Bay, Florida by Robert J. Livingston et al, undated
27Ecology of the Blackwater River System, Florida by D. Gray Bass Jr. and Vinard G. Hill, 1977 December
28Seasonal Fish Population Fluctuations in a South Florida Swamp by John E. Carlson and Michael J. Duever, undated
29Biomass and Net Productivity of Cypress in Florida by William J. Mitsch and Katherine E. Ewel, undated
210Managing Cypress Ponds for Wildlife in Florida by Louie P. Heard, undated
211Sopchoppy River Discharge Measurements, 1979
212A Model Flood Management Ordinance, 1981 June 30
213Evaluation of River Swamp Functions in Southeastern Coastal Stream Ecosystems by J.H. Reuter, 1975 October 17
214Sport Fishery Ecology of the Escambia River, Florida by D.G. Bass and V.G. Hitt, 1978
215Environmental Impact of the Cross-Florida Barge Canal with Special Emphasis on the Oklawaha Regional Ecosystem, 1970 March
216Recreational Aspects of the Santa Fe River by V. Hitt and G. Bass, 1973 November
217Duval vs Thomas: Florida Supreme Court, 1979 December
218Classification of Florida's Forested Wetlands by C.H. Wharton, undated
219Scientists' Report: National Symposium on Wetlands, 1978 November 6-9
220Natural Setting and Vegetation of the Florida Panhandle by Andre F. Clewell, 1981
221Prevot Case, Louisiana by Charles H. Wharton, 1981
222Avoyelles Sportsmen's League vs Clifford Ll. Alexander, 1981
223Organic Carbon Budgets in the Atchafalaya River Basin, Louisiana by Victor W. Lambou and Stephen C. Hern, 1981 June 9-12
224Some Relationships Between Water Quality and Rotifer Plankton in the Atchafalaya River Basin, Louisiana by Leslie E. Holland and C. Fred Bryan, undated
225Effects of Altered Hydrology on Primary Production and Aquatic Animal Populations in a Louisiana Swamp Forest by F.H. Sklar and W.H. Conner, 1979
226Productivity and Nutrient Export Studies in a Cypress Swamp, Freshwater Marsh, and Lake System in Louisiana by John W. Day, Jr., et al, 1975
227Productivity and Composition of a Freshwater Swamp in Louisiana by William H. Conner and John W. Day, Jr., undated
228Vanishing Delta Hardwoods: Their Wildlife Resources by Richard K. Yancey, undated
229Effects of Channelization of the Luxapalila River ... by Dale H. Arner et al, 1976 June
230Flooding in Bottomland Hardwoods [Vicksburg], undated
231Wetland and Transitional Zone Vegetation of the Mississippi Delta... by Donald Rhodes, undated
232Hydrology of Bottomland Hardwood Forests of the Mississippi Embayment by M.S. Bedinger, 1980 May
233Environmental Assessment: Addition to Pascagoula River Wildlife Management - Preliminary Draft, 1979
234Tallahala Mississippi, Pt. 1, undated
225Tallahala Mississippi, Pt. 2, 1979
226Report to EPA on the Tallahala Creek Reservoir Project by Charles Wharton and Mark Brinson, 1979
31Cache River Basin, Arkansas, 1971
32Interim Report on Water Quality...: Degray Reservoir, Arkansas by J. Nix, 1970
33An Ecological Survey of the Coastal Region of Georgia by A. Sydney Johnson et al, 1971 August 15
34Small Terrestrial Vertebrates and Their Activity on a Chattahoochee River Flood Plain by C.H. Wharton and Carol Ruckdeschel Pt. 1, 1973
35Small Terrestrial Vertebrates and Their Activity on a Chattahoochee River Flood Plain by C.H. Wharton and Carol Ruckdeschel Pt. 2, 1973
36Progress Report on the Chattahoochee Flood Plain by W.H. Grant, 1972?
37A Study of a Pine Sere in the Chattahoochee River Flood Plain by Edgar Wright III, 1967
38A Survey of Muckalee Creek and its Fishery by Russell D. Over, 1976 January
39Altamaha, Oconee and Ocmulgee Rivers, GA, 1935
310Lower Coastal Plain Drainage Area Between the Ogeechee and Altamaha Rivers, Georgia by Mallory S. May III, 1974 April
311Invertebrates Eaten by Altamaha River Fish by W.R. Woodall, J.G. Adams and J. Heise, 1975 March 19-21
312Lewis Island and the Concept of a Multi-Purpose River Park on the Altamaha by Charles Wharton and Barry Staples, undated
313Lewis Island Ecology, 1972
314Altamaha river Macroinvertebrate Species List, 1973
315Big Mortar-Snuff Box Swamp Watershed, 1974 April
316Alcovy River Floodplain, 1972
317Alcovy River Channelization, 1973
318Cornish Creek Watershed, Pt. 1, undated
319Cornish Creek Watershed, Pt. 2, undated
320Geology of Part of the Ocmulgee River Flood Plain at Macon, Georgia by Oliver J. Cosner, 1962
321Nantahalas Wilderness Pt. 1, 1976
322Nantahalas Wilderness Pt. 2, 1976
323Nantahalas Wilderness Pt. 3, 1976
324Nantahalas Wilderness Pt. 4, 1976
325Nantahalas Wilderness Pt. 5, 1976
41Scull Shoals, Georgia, undated
42Middle Oconee River, Fowler's Mill, 1973
43Georgia Fall-line Sandhills: Vegetation by W.Z. Faust, undated
44Caw Caw Watershed, Brunswick County, undated
45Archeology of Cobb County Georgia, undated
46Environmental Analysis of Laurel Mill, Georgia, 1971
47Panther Creek Natural Area, Stephens County, Georgia, undated
48Vegetational Study of the Flint River Through Meriwether, Talbot, Pike and Upson Counties by Marie B. Mellinger, undated
49Upper Flint River Creel and Recreational Use Survey by Russell D. Ober, 1977 March
410Hatch Nuclear Plant: Environmental Report, 1971 February
411Proposed Hydroelectric Power Sites in Georgia, 1980 May 6
412Georgia Piedmont Forests, undated
413Georgia Scenic Rivers Report, 1970
414Georgia Environments: Hydric Systems by C.H. Wharton, undated
415Georgia Environments (Partial Manuscript Draft), undated
416Forest Community Classification: Northern Coastal Plain of South Carolina, 1981
417Savannah River Hurricanes, 1890s, undated
418Savannah River Studies: Interim Report, 1951-1952 by D.D. Gold et al, 1954
419Savannah River Limestone Bluffs and Alluvial Woods by J.R. Bozeman, 1966 August 8
420Savannah River Studies: Composition f Hoop Net Catches, 1951-1952
421Savannah River Basin, Station 01015001, 1978-1979
422Macroinvertebrates Collected from the Savannah River and Tributaries, 1970 August-September
423Report on Pollution in the Middle Reach of the Savannah River, 1971
424Vogtle Nuclear Plant, 1972
425Energy Related Pollutants: Ecological Behavior by Robert B. Platt, 1976-1977
426Ecological Behavior and Effects of Radionuclides, 1972-1973
427Flood Plain Transfer and Accumulation of 137cs from a Reactor Effluent Stream by H. L Ragsdale and D. J. Shure, 1973 May 14-18
428Comparative Analysis of Cs 137 Dynamics in Two Floodplain Forests Along a Southeastern Coastal Plain, 1977
429Radiocesium Transfer Through Aerial Pathways in a South Carolina Floodplain Forest by Donald J. Shure and Marlin R. Gottschalk, undated
430Cesium-137 Dynamics Within a Reactor Effluent Stream in South Carolina by Donald J. Shure and Marlin R. Gottschalk, undated
431Mercury Accumulation in Native Mammals of the Southeast by Peter Cumbie and James Hl Jenkins, 1974 November
432Santee-Cooper: A study of Estuarine Manipulations by Bjorn Kjerfve, undated
433Birds of the Francis Beidler Forest in Four Hole Swamp, South Carolina by P.B. Hamel and N.L. Brunswig, 1980
51Proposed Congaree Swamp National Monument, 1963 April
52Congaree Wateree and Santee Swamp Systems, 1974
53A Vegetative Analysis of Preserve Alternatives Involving the Beidler Tract of the Congaree Swamp by L. L. Gaddy et al, 1975 December
54A Study of the Breeding Birds of the Beidler Tract of the Congaree Swamp ... by Paul B. Hamel, 1979 October 9
55Congaree Economic Study, undated
56Congaree Swamp Natural Area by Joan Wolf, 1978
57Vegetation of the Congaree Swamp National Monument by L.L. Gaddy, undated
58The Congaree: An Ecological Perspective by Charles H. Wharton, undated
59Reconnaissance Survey of the Lower Roanoke River Floodplain, N.C. by J. Merrill Lynch and John Crawford, 1980 June 4
510Status of the Cerulean Warbler in the Roanoke River Watershed by J. Merrill Lynch, 1979 August
511Nutrient Pathways in Small Mountain Streams by William Robert Woodall, Jr., 1972 October
512Habitat - Flowering Chart for N.C. Threatened and Endangered Species, undated
513Seasonal Patterns of Water Quality in Natural and Channelized Swamp Streams in Eastern North Carolina by Edward J. Kuenzler, 1976 June 21-24
514Effects of Stream Channelization on Water Quality of Flood-Plain Swamps in Eastern North Carolina by Edward J. Kuenzler, 1975 June
515Comments Concerning Stream Restoration Techniques Being Employed in Coastal North Carolina by Vincent Bellis, 1979 May
516Land Use and the Environment in the Blacklands of Dare, Tyrrell, Hyde and Washington Counties by William S. Tilley, 1973 April 9
517A Study of Nutrient Cycling in Riverine Swamp Forest Ecosystems of North Carolina: Progress Report by Mark M. Brinson, 1975 December 31
518A Study of Nutrient Cycling in Riverine Swamp Forest Ecosystems of North Carolina: Final Report by Mark M. Brinson, 1977 March 15
519Hydrology of the Creeping Swamp Watershed, North Carolina, with Reference to Potential Effects of Stream Channelization by M. D. Winner, Jr. and C.E. Simmons, 1977 April
520Bryophyte Distribution and Abundance in Relationship to Inundation Frequency in a Floodplain Swamp by Robert P. Sniffen, Laura Anne Yarbro and Jennifer G. Smith, undated
521Preliminary Reconnaissance Report on the Lower Lumber River by Albert B. Pittman, Jr., 1980 June 1
522RARE II [Roadless Area Review and Evaluation]: Last Chance for Our Wild Forest Lands, 1978
523RARE II: The Values of Unmanaged National Forests in the Southern Appalachians by Charles H. Wharton and Harvey L. Ragsdale, 1979
524Review and Response to U.S. Forest Service Draft Environmental Statement for Roadless Area Review and Evaluation by RARE II Environmental Council, undated
525RARE II - Miscellaneous, 1975-1979
526Statement by C.H. Wharton on National Forests, undated
527Natural Areas as Necessary Components of Man's Total Environment by Eugene P. Odum and Howard T. Odum, undated
528Natural Environments of Georgia: Natural Area - Community-Flora Worksheets, 1977 June, December
529Natural Environments of Georgia: Distribution, 1978
530Conservation Foundation, 1979-1980
531Correspondence A-D, 1972, 1978-1980
532Correspondence E-M, 1971-1972, 1974, 1979-1981
533Correspondence O-P, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1979-1981
534Correspondence S, 1971, 1979, 1981
535Correspondence T-Z, 1975, 1978, 1979-1980
61Miscellaneous Notes,Pt. 1, undated
62Miscellaneous Notes,Pt. 2, undated
63Miscellaneous Notes,Pt. 3, undated
64Miscellaneous Notes,Pt. 4, undated
65Bottomland Hardwood Forests: Manuscript, undated
66Bottomland Hardwood Forests: Photographs, undated
67Bottomland Hardwood Forests: Tables and Figures, 1982
68Bottomland Hardwood Forests: Soil Analysis, undated
69Faunal Paper: Manuscript, undated
610Faunal Paper: Figures, 1980
611Faunal Paper: Tables, undated
612Faunal Paper: Literature Cited, undated
613Geology and Geomorphology of Floodplains: Manuscript, undated