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Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series XIII: Audiovisual Materials

Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series XIII: Audiovisual Materials

Descriptive Summary

Title: Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series XIII: Audiovisual Materials
Creator: Hardman, Lamartine Griffin, 1856-1937
Inclusive Dates: 1915-1931
Language: English
Extent: 6 item(s)
Collection Number: RBRL/137/LGH_XIII
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Abstract: Lamartine G. Hardman Collection, Series XIII. Audiovisual Materials includes four Edison discs and two Victor 78rpm shellac phonodiscs, containing commercially released music.

Collection Description

Biographical Note

Reputedly one of the wealthiest men in North Georgia at the turn of the century, Dr. Lamartine Griffin Hardman was a man who had diverse interests in a number of areas. Physician, businessman, manufacturer, farmer and statesman: Hardman's versatile career embodied the full spirit of the Progressive Era in the South. He was truly a Renaissance man.

One of eleven children, Lamartine Griffin Hardman was born on April 14, 1856 in Harmony Grove (now Commerce), Georgia to Dr. William Benjamin Johnson and Susan Elizabeth Colquitt Hardman. His father was a physician and Baptist minister. Hardman inherited his political aspirations from the Colquitt side of the family, which counted among its members four governors in Georgia and Texas.

Hardman first followed his father's footsteps by attending medical college. He graduated from the Georgia Medical College in Augusta in 1876 and opened his own practice in Commerce later in that year. He then furthered his medical training at Bellevue Hospital in New York, and pursued post-graduate studies at the University of Pennsylvania, the New York Polyclinic and Guy Hospital in London, from which he received a second degree in 1890.

Returning home after nearly a decade and a half out of the South, Hardman opened his own medical practice in Commerce, and later joined his brother, William B. Hardman, in establishing the Hardman Sanatorium in 1899. "They introduced into the hospital advanced apparatus," claimed journalist Louie Newton, "and before 1900 Dr. L. G. Hardman was a nationally known physician." The sanatorium served a large numbers of patients throughout northeast Georgia until 1945.

During this period, Hardman experimented in the field of anesthetics. He had completely anesthetized an animal by injecting tincture of Indian Hemp (cannabis indica) into the femoral vein of a dog. This work brought him into close touch with the earlier work of Dr. Crawford W. Long. Long was well known in medical history as a pioneer in the use of ether as an anesthetic during surgery in the 1840s in nearby Jefferson.

Besides his medical practice and research, Hardman was committed to creating manufacturing enterprises to stimulate economic growth in rural north Georgia. In 1893, Hardman founded the Harmony Grove Cotton Mills. He later established the Hardman Roller Mills, also in Commerce.

While he was creating a local manufacturing boom in Commerce, Hardman was also investing in farmlands. By 1900, he was among the largest farmers in Georgia, owning land in seven counties and in Florida. From walnuts to livestock, Hardman was an example of a successful scientific farmer. He conducted a variety of experiments on his produce, and if successful, shared his new methods with his neighbors. His commitment to agriculture innovation was reflected in his active service as a trustee of the Georgia State College of Agriculture in Athens. This would later become the Agriculture College at the University of Georgia.

As if such enterprises did not fully consume his time and energies, Hardman accepted the challenge of political life with encouragement from his friends and colleagues. He was elected to the Georgia legislature in 1902 as a representative from Jackson County. He served in the House until 1907, when he was elected state senator, an office he held through 1908. He returned to the House for a final term in 1909. During his tenure in the General Assembly, Hardman introduced considerable legislation, including a bill requiring public schools to offer basic agriculture courses; a measure petitioning the United States Congress to authorize a commission to conduct a drainage survey of Georgia; an act furnishing free treatment for hydrophobia, utilizing the Pasteur method; and legislation establishing the State Board of Health.

In 1907, Dr. Hardman, along with W. A. Covington and W. J. Neel, authored the prohibition bill banning legalized whiskey in Georgia. Upon its passage, he received much acclaim, with favorable mail from around the country congratulating him on this early victory for the Prohibition movement. As both a physician and son of a Baptist minister, Hardman believed that alcohol was destructive to the human body and that no good could come from its use.

For more personal reasons, 1907 was also an important year for Hardman. At the age of fifty-one, he married the twenty-five year old Emma Wiley Griffin, from a socially prominent family in Valdosta. They had met in 1901 when introduced by W. W. Landrum, an Atlanta preacher. On a bet, Reverend Landrum promised to introduce the matrimony-proof Hardman to a young woman in Valdosta if on their wedding day he would give the Baptist mission $1,000. After six years of courtship they married, and had four children together.

During World War I, Hardman served as the U. S. Fuel Administrator for Georgia. After two unsuccessful gubernatorial campaigns in 1914 and 1916, he was finally elected governor in 1926 (at the age of seventy-four) in a run-off election over John Holder, who had generated controversy for fiscal improprieties as head of the state highway board. In 1928, he comfortably defeated E. D. Rivers in his bid for re-election as the state's chief executive.

Governor Hardman promised to give the state a businesslike administration, eliminating waste and extravagance. In his second inaugural address in 1929, he declared: "It is apparent in our state, and indeed in most, if not all the states in the Union, that there is a need and a demand for a more modern, businesslike arrangement of operating the state's affairs." He went on in that speech to recommend the creation of an agriculture college as part of the University of Georgia, and the preservation of the "the majesty and enforcement of the law."

Unfortunately, Hardman proposed this ambitious agenda just before the stock market crash and the onset of the Great Depression. Given the ensuing climate, the legislature was in no mood to embrace dramatic changes of this sort. Nevertheless, Hardman could claim more minor achievements for his administration. During his governorship, the state capitol was remodeled, the Rhodes home in Atlanta was accepted as a depository for the state archives, and a plant to produce license tags was established. His most significant achievement was in laying the groundwork for a comprehensive reorganization of the state's government, the Allen Commission on Simplification and Coordination, headed by Ivan Allen, Sr., that would be put into effect by Hardman's successor, Richard B. Russell, Jr.

Hardman was seventy-seven years old when he relinquished the governor's office in 1933. He returned to Commerce, where he lived the last four years of his life. He died of a heart ailment at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta on February 18, 1937.

Scope and Content

Lamartine G. Hardman Collection, Series XIII. Audiovisual Materials includes four Edison discs and two Victor 78rpm shellac phonodiscs, containing commercially released music.

Organization and Arrangement

Lamartine G. Hardman Collection, Series XIII. Audiovisual Materials is arranged by format.


Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Though the collection is open for research, reference copies of the audiovisual recordings are available upon request. Research requests will be filled as soon as possible and will be dependent upon the condition of the recordings.

Preferred Citation

Lamartine G. Hardman Collection, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia, 30602-1641.

Copyright Information

It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission to reproduce material for publication. Persons wishing to reproduce materials in the Russell Library collections should consult the Director. Reproduction or quotation of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared on: 2011.


Related Materials and Subjects

Subject Terms

Audiovisual.

Related Collections in this Repository

Hoke Smith Papers

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection

Dudley M. Hughes Papers

Richard B. Russell, Sr. Papers

Hugh Peterson, Sr. Papers

Related Collections in Other Repositories

Ivan Allen, Sr. Papers, Atlanta History Center


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

XIII. Audiovisual Materials

6 item(s)
Lamartine G. Hardman Collection, Series XIII. Audiovisual Materials includes four Edison discs and two Victor 78rpm shellac phonodiscs, containing commercially released music.
boxitem
PD 0008R 94-131st. Street Blues, written by Wen Hall and Harry Geise, performed by Al Bernard and Frank M. Kamplain, Edison Record 51271-L b/w Cindy (It Am Wedding Time), performed by Al Bernard and Ernest Hare, Edison Record 51271-R, circa 1924
Sound. Edison Diamond Disc.
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee schedule.
PD 0008R 94-2We'll Build A Little home In The U.S.A. - Ziegfield Follies 1915, (Chas. Elbert), Tenor and chorus with Orchestra, Irving Kaufman, Edison 80256-L b/w Hello, Frisco! - Ziegfield Follies 1915 (Louis A. Hirsch), Tenor and contralto with orchestra, Harvey Hindermyer and Helen Clark, Edison 80256-R, 1915
Sound. Edison Diamond Disc.
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee sche
PD 0008R 94-3Climbing Up de Golden Stairs, (F. Heiser), Tenor and Chorus with Orchestra, Walter Van Brunt, Edison disc 3682-c-6-66 b/w Lullaby, (E.W. Hanscom), Contralto and male voices with orchestra, Helen Clark and the Shannon Quartet, Edison disc, 5824-a-10-148, circa 1915
Sound. Edison Diamond Disc.
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee sche
PD 0008R 94-4An Orange Grove in California, Fox Trot from "Music Box Revue 1923-24," (Irving Berlin), Broadway Dance Orchestra, Edison Record 51302-L b/w I'm Goin' South, Fox Trot, (Abner Silver & Harry Woods), The Jazz-O-Harmonists, Edison Record 51302-R, circa 1924
Sound. Edison Diamond Disc.
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee sche
PD 0008R 94-5When Your Hair Has Turned To Silver (I Will Love You Just the Same), (Charlie Tobias, Peter De Rose), Bud and Joe Billings duet with Orchestra, Victor 22588-A b/w I'm Alone Because I Love You, (Joe Young), Bud and Joe Billings duet with Orchestra, Victor 22588-B, 1931
Sound.
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee sche
PD 0008R 94-6Mistakes - Waltz (Errores), (Edgar Leslie-Horatio Nicholls), Blue Steele and His Orchestra, Vocal refrain by George Marks, Victor 22142-A b/w Rock Me To Sleep In Your Arms - Waltz (Rock-a-bye Lady in Lull-a-bye Land), (Arullame en Tus Brazos), (Polly-Anna-Cal De Voll), Blue Steele and His Orchestra, Vocal refrain by Clyde Davis, Victor 22142-B, 1929
Sound.
Resource may be used under the guidelines described by the U.S. Copyright Office in Section 107, Title 17, United States Code (Fair use). Parties interested in production or commercial use of the resources should contact the Russell Library for a fee sche