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Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series XI: Artifacts

Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series XI: Artifacts

Descriptive Summary

Title: Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series XI: Artifacts
Creator: Hardman, Lamartine Griffin, 1856-1937
Inclusive Dates: 1900-1930
Language: English
Extent: 20 box(es)
Collection Number: RBRL/137/LGH_XI
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Abstract: Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series XI: Artifacts consists of personal effects, wardrobe items, and assorted medical equipment. Material includes campaign and convention buttons, calling cards and miscellaneous printed matter, and a variety of loose personal items--address and memo books, eyeglasses, coins, pipes, gavels and small plaques. Additionally, there are two dresses belonging to Mrs. Emma G. Hardman, a plaster head used for phrenology, and plaques that hung in Harmony Grove Mills honoring those who served during World War II.

Collection Description

Biographical Note

Dr. Lamartine Griffin Hardman was born April 14, 1856 in Harmony Grove, GA (now Commerce, GA). His father was both a physician and a minister, and Hardman followed in his father's footsteps by attending medical school at the Georgia Medical College in Augusta. He received further medical training at Bellevue Hospital in New York and also conducted post-graduate studies at the University of Pennsylvania Polyclinic Hospital, and the Guy Hospital in London. In 1899, Hardman and his brother William established the Hardman Sanatorium in Harmony Grove.

Hardman achieved nationwide fame for his pursuit of the latest advances in medical science, especially his experiments in the new field of anesthesiology. Hardman was also a proponent of phrenology, the practice of measuring cranial features to predict mental traits. Phrenology was used throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to provide pseudoscientific defenses of white supremacy.

Aside from medicine, Hardman also had an interest in agriculture and manufacturing. He established the Harmony Grove Cotton Mill in 1893 and began investing in farmland, eventually becoming one of the largest farmers in Georgia by 1900. He used scientific processes to develop new agricultural practices, which he shared with other farmers around Commerce. Hardman was elected to the Georgia General Assembly in 1902 as a representative from Jackson County. He served in the House of Representatives until 1907, when he was elected to the State Senate. In 1909 he returned to the Georgia House for a final term. During his time in the General Assembly, Hardman introduced bills to support agricultural education in public schools and establish the State Board of Health. Drawing on his upbringing as the son of a Baptist minister, Hardman was also an author of Georgia's 1907 prohibition law.

Hardman launched two unsuccessful campaigns for governor—in 1914 and 1916—before finally being elected in 1926. In 1928 he defeated E. D. Rivers for re-election. As governor, Hardman attempted to apply "scientific" processes to the administration of the state, which included establishing the Allen Commission on Simplification and Coordination to reorganize the state's government. Hardman proposed initiating a nutritional study of north Georgia to address reported shortcomings in the average diet. However, he also applied what he believed were scientific processes to capital punishment, using phrenology and a belief that fingerprints could be used to predict mental ability and criminality to determine which condemned prisoners would be spared from the electric chair.

Hardman left the governor's office in 1933. He returned to Commerce, where he lived with his wife Emma Wiley Griffin until his death on February 18, 1937.

Scope and Content

Series XI: Artifacts consists of personal effects, wardrobe items, and assorted medical equipment. Material includes campaign and convention buttons, calling cards and miscellaneous printed matter, and a variety of loose personal items--address and memo books, eyeglasses, coins, pipes, gavels and small plaques. Additionally, there are two dresses belonging to Mrs. Emma G. Hardman, a plaster head used for phrenology, and plaques that hung in Harmony Grove Mills honoring those who served during World War II.

Organization and Arrangement

The artifacts are loosely grouped by item type.


Administrative Information

User Restrictions

Library acts as "fair use" reproduction agent.

Preferred Citation

Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, The University of Georgia Libraries.

Access Restrictions

Use of microfilm recommended.

Copyright Information

Before material from collections at the Richard B. Russell Library may be quoted in print, or otherwise reproduced, in whole or in part, in any publication, permission must be obtained from (1) the owner of the physical property, and (2) the holder of the copyright. It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain both sets of permissions. Persons wishing to quote from materials in the Russell Library collection should consult the Director. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared on: 2000.


Related Materials and Subjects

Subject Terms

Georgia. Governor (1927-1931: Hardman)
Hardman, Emma
Medicine -- Practice -- Georgia.
Physicians -- Georgia.

Related Collections in this Repository

Hoke Smith Papers

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection

Dudley M. Hughes Papers

Richard B. Russell, Sr. Papers

Hugh Peterson, Sr. Papers

Related Collections in Other Repositories

Ivan Allen, Sr. Papers, Atlanta History Center


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

XI. Artifacts

20 box(es)
This series consists of personal effects, wardrobe items, and assorted medical equipment. Material includes campaign and convention buttons, calling cards and miscellaneous printed matter, and a variety of loose personal items--address and memo books, eyeglasses, coins, pipes, gavels and small plaques. Additionally, there are two dresses belonging to Mrs. Emma G. Hardman, a plaster head used for phrenology, and plaques that hung in Harmony Grove Mills honoring those who served during World War II.
box
1Medical equipment
box
2Medical bag
box
3Phrenology head
box
4Medical equipment
box
5Ribbons, buttons, and medals
box
6Gavels
box
7Medical equipment
box
8Medical bag with equipment
box
9Calling cards, memo books, autograph book
box
10Surgery kit
box
11Ribbons
box
12Medical equipment, medical bag
box
13Microscopical preparations, glass bottle, brass knuckles, pipe, bag of seed
box
14Plaques that hung in Harmony Grove Mills honoring those who served in World War II
box
15Wooden trunk
box
16Emma G. Hardman's dresses
box
17Medical teaching skeleton
box
18Emma G. Hardman's blanket and beaded bag, undated
box
19Emma Hardman's quilt, undated
box
20Walking stick presented to Lamartine Hardman in commemoration of his performing the first appendectomy in Georgia