Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series VI: Medical

Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series VI: Medical

Descriptive Summary

Title: Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series VI: Medical
Creator: Hardman, Lamartine Griffin, 1856-1937
Inclusive Dates: 1849, 1883-1935
Language(s): English
Extent: 5 box(es) (3.5 linear feet)
Collection Number: RBRL/137/LGH_VI
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Abstract: Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series VI: Medical consists largely of journals and ledgers kept by Governor Hardman during his years as a physician. The earliest material in this series dates from his period as a post-graduate medical student in New York City and London, England (1883-1890). Also included are medical journals and ledgers, patient expense books, and miscellaneous notes from Governor Hardman's private medical practice and the Hardman Sanatorium, one of the first fully equipped medical centers in northeast Georgia, founded by Governor Hardman and his brother Dr. W. B. Hardman in 1899. Arrangement is chronological by subject.

Collection Description

Biographical Note

Dr. Lamartine Griffin Hardman was born April 14, 1856 in Harmony Grove, GA (now Commerce, GA). His father was both a physician and a minister, and Hardman followed in his father's footsteps by attending medical school at the Georgia Medical College in Augusta. He received further medical training at Bellevue Hospital in New York and also conducted post-graduate studies at the University of Pennsylvania Polyclinic Hospital, and the Guy Hospital in London. In 1899, Hardman and his brother William established the Hardman Sanatorium in Harmony Grove.

Hardman achieved nationwide fame for his pursuit of the latest advances in medical science, especially his experiments in the new field of anesthesiology. Hardman was also a proponent of phrenology, the practice of measuring cranial features to predict mental traits. Phrenology was used throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to provide pseudoscientific defenses of white supremacy.

Aside from medicine, Hardman also had an interest in agriculture and manufacturing. He established the Harmony Grove Cotton Mill in 1893 and began investing in farmland, eventually becoming one of the largest farmers in Georgia by 1900. He used scientific processes to develop new agricultural practices, which he shared with other farmers around Commerce. Hardman was elected to the Georgia General Assembly in 1902 as a representative from Jackson County. He served in the House of Representatives until 1907, when he was elected to the State Senate. In 1909 he returned to the Georgia House for a final term. During his time in the General Assembly, Hardman introduced bills to support agricultural education in public schools and establish the State Board of Health. Drawing on his upbringing as the son of a Baptist minister, Hardman was also an author of Georgia's 1907 prohibition law.

Hardman launched two unsuccessful campaigns for governor—in 1914 and 1916—before finally being elected in 1926. In 1928 he defeated E. D. Rivers for re-election. As governor, Hardman attempted to apply "scientific" processes to the administration of the state, which included establishing the Allen Commission on Simplification and Coordination to reorganize the state's government. Hardman proposed initiating a nutritional study of north Georgia to address reported shortcomings in the average diet. However, he also applied what he believed were scientific processes to capital punishment, using phrenology and a belief that fingerprints could be used to predict mental ability and criminality to determine which condemned prisoners would be spared from the electric chair.

Hardman left the governor's office in 1933. He returned to Commerce, where he lived with his wife Emma Wiley Griffin until his death on February 18, 1937.

Scope and Content

Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series VI: Medical consists largely of journals and ledgers kept by Governor Hardman during his years as a physician. The earliest material in this series dates from his period as a post-graduate medical student in New York City and London, England (1883-1890). Also included are medical journals and ledgers, patient expense books, and miscellaneous notes from Governor Hardman's private medical practice and the Hardman Sanatorium, one of the first fully equipped medical centers in northeast Georgia, founded by Governor Hardman and his brother Dr. W. B. Hardman in 1899.

Organization and Arrangement

Arrangement is chronological by subject.


Administrative Information

User Restrictions

Library acts as "fair use" reproduction agent.

Preferred Citation

Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, The University of Georgia Libraries.

Processing Note

During the arrangement and description process, archivists noted that many of the manuscripts were very fragile and in need of preservation work. After Hardman's death in 1937 his papers were moved to Harmony Grove Mills for storage. When the Hardman family sold the mill in 1990 the papers were transferred to the basement of the First Commerce Bank in Commerce, GA. Shortly after the papers arrived at the Russell Library, archivists observed that the collection had suffered serious deterioration from poor paper quality. Additionally, many of the pulp paper carbons of Hardman's correspondence had become very brittle and were literally breaking into pieces. The more these originals were handled, the more fragile they became. These papers required transfer to an additional format to ensure the information would be available for current and future researchers. After discussions with the Hardman family in 1997, Russell Library archivists proposed a project to microfilm the collection.

Thanks to a generous grant through the Harmony Grove Foundation, the Hardman Preservation Microfilming Project began in January 1998. The library hired a microfilm preservation specialist to prepare the collection for filming and to supervise the filming project, which was conducted in cooperation with Computer Hardware, Imaging and Preservation Services (CHIPS) at the University of Georgia Libraries. Items in each folder of the collection were re-arranged alphabetically or chronologically (depending on the nature of the material), a task that took well over a year to complete. Items not selected for filming routinely included duplicates, household bills and receipts, cancelled checks, invitations, greeting cards, photographs, advertisements and promotional pamphlets, and non-print memorabilia. Material to be filmed was then counted, programmed onto individual reels, targeted and microfilmed according to Research Libraries Group (RLG) guidelines--a process that ultimately produced 153 reels of microfilm, or roughly one reel per linear foot of manuscript material. Reels for research use are housed at the Russell Library. Master negatives are stored at the Georgia Department of Archives and History in Atlanta; copy negatives are housed at the University of Georgia Libraries. A microfilm reel finding aid, keyed to the collection finding aid, is available to assist researchers.

Access Restrictions

Use of microfilm recommended.

Copyright Information

Before material from collections at the Richard B. Russell Library may be quoted in print, or otherwise reproduced, in whole or in part, in any publication, permission must be obtained from (1) the owner of the physical property, and (2) the holder of the copyright. It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain both sets of permissions. Persons wishing to quote from materials in the Russell Library collection should consult the Director. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared on: 2000.


Related Materials and Subjects

Subject Terms

Related Collections in this Repository

Hoke Smith Papers

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection

Dudley M. Hughes Papers

Richard B. Russell, Sr. Papers

Hugh Peterson, Sr. Papers

Related Collections in Other Repositories

Ivan Allen, Sr. Papers, Atlanta History Center


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

VI. Medical, 1849-1935

5 box(es)
(3.5 linear feet)
Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series VI: Medical consists largely of journals and ledgers kept by Governor Hardman during his years as a physician. The earliest material in this series dates from his period as a post-graduate medical student in New York City and London, England (1883-1890). Also included are medical journals and ledgers, patient expense books, and miscellaneous notes from Governor Hardman's private medical practice and the Hardman Sanatorium, one of the first fully equipped medical centers in northeast Georgia, founded by Governor Hardman and his brother Dr. W. B. Hardman in 1899.



A. Journals

boxfolder
11Medical Journal [microfilm reel #144], June 2-October 11, 1909
12Medical Journal [microfilm reel #144], 1910
13Medical Journal [microfilm reel #144], October 11, 1911-June 1, 1912
14Medical Journal [microfilm reel #144], June 2-August 10, 1912
15Medical Journal [microfilm reel #144], August 11-December 6, 1912
16Medical Journal [microfilm reel #144], December 7, 1912-April 12, 1913
17Medical Journal [microfilm reel #144], April 12-November 21, 1913
18Medical Journal [microfilm reel #144], May 9-November 4, 1916
19Medical Journal [microfilm reel #144], November 4, 1916-June 23, 1917
boxfolder
21Medical Journal [microfilm reel #144], October 12, 1917-May 4, 1918



B. Ledgers

boxfolder
22[microfilm reel #144], May 3, 1918-August 14, 1918
23Sanitorium ledger of W. B. Hardman [not filmed], January 29-June 22, 1907
24Sanitorium ledger of W. B. Hardman [not filmed], September 29, 1904-March 1, 1905
25Sanitorium ledger of W. B. Hardman [not filmed], December 6, 1906-April 12, 1907
26Sanitorium ledger of W. B. Hardman [not filmed], April 12-August 29, 1907
27Patient medical expenses [not filmed], May 6, 1904
28Patient medical expenses [not filmed], October 18, 1900-January 22, 1901
29Patient medical expenses [not filmed], August 21-November 1, 1902
210Patient medical expenses [not filmed], October 1916
211Patient medical expenses [not filmed], October 1918-July 1921
boxfolder
31Sanitorium cash book of expenses [not filmed], 1902-1903
32Sanitorium cash book of expenses [not filmed], 1906
33Sanitorium cash book of expenses [not filmed], 1912-1913
box
3.2Hardman and Helm medical practice ledger [not filmed], April 1908-December 1910



C. Notes and Correspondence

boxfolder
41Southern Medical & Surgical Journal - account of first use of sulfuric ether by inhalation [microfilm reel #145], 1849
42Medical class notes [microfilm reel #145], February 1883
43Medical notes and publications [microfilm reel #145], 1888-1905
44Certificate medical examiner [microfilm reel #145], 1901
45Medical notes [not filmed], circa 1899
46Trip to London [not filmed], 1890
47Medical publications [not filmed], 1890s
48Auxiliary Medical Defense Committee of Georgia [microfilm reel #145], 1917
49Medical [microfilm reel #145], 1922-1924
410Clinical reports [not filmed], 1888
411Hints for medical examiners [not filmed]
412Medical notes [not filmed]

Special Collections Libraries
University of Georgia
Athens, GA 30602-1641