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Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series II: Business

Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series II: Business

Descriptive Summary

Title: Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Series II: Business
Creator: Hardman, Lamartine Griffin, 1856-1937
Inclusive Dates: 1849-1953
Language: English
Extent: 106 box(es) (54.25 linear feet), 50 reels of microfilm
Collection Number: RBRL/137/LGH_II
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Abstract: Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, II. Business files consist of Governor Hardman's business and personal papers from 1880 to 1956. The Commerce Office files subseries include such topics as temperance, the 1904 Jackson County primary election returns, Hardman's campaign expenses for 1914, Georgia State College of Agriculture finances, dam and water mill specifications, land surveys, tuberculosis treatments, and monthly reports from the Hardman Roller Mills. The General correspondence files feature miscellaneous materials related to Hardman's multiple business and personal interests. Highlights include a petition for a wage increase by Harmony Grove Mills workers in 1917, papers documenting Hardman's medical experiments with Indian hemp (cannabis indica) as an anesthetic, and correspondence concerning the planning and subsequent dedication of a monument to Dr. Crawford W. Long. Finances includes cancelled checks, tax returns, and asset reports. The Ledgers subseries contains business ledgers for Harmony Grove Orchards, Lake Alcoyne Farm, the Hardman Estate, and the Hardman Plantation. The Lamartine Hardman, Jr. papers document his activities at Harmony Grove Orchards, personal correspondence, and minutes from the Sarepta Baptist Association. The J. N. Griffin files contain correspondence and bills relating to mutual business interests held by Governor Hardman and his father-in-law, Mr. J. N. Griffin.

Collection Description

Biographical Note

Reputedly one of the wealthiest men in North Georgia at the turn of the century, Dr. Lamartine Griffin Hardman was a man who had diverse interests in a number of areas. Physician, businessman, manufacturer, farmer and statesman: Hardman's versatile career embodied the full spirit of the Progressive Era in the South. He was truly a Renaissance man.

One of eleven children, Lamartine Griffin Hardman was born on April 14, 1856 in Harmony Grove (now Commerce), Georgia to Dr. William Benjamin Johnson and Susan Elizabeth Colquitt Hardman. His father was a physician and Baptist minister. Hardman inherited his political aspirations from the Colquitt side of the family, which counted among its members four governors in Georgia and Texas.

Hardman first followed his father's footsteps by attending medical college. He graduated from the Georgia Medical College in Augusta in 1876 and opened his own practice in Commerce later in that year. He then furthered his medical training at Bellevue Hospital in New York, and pursued post-graduate studies at the University of Pennsylvania, the New York Polyclinic and Guy Hospital in London, from which he received a second degree in 1890.

Returning home after nearly a decade and a half out of the South, Hardman opened his own medical practice in Commerce, and later joined his brother, William B. Hardman, in establishing the Hardman Sanatorium in 1899. "They introduced into the hospital advanced apparatus," claimed journalist Louie Newton, "and before 1900 Dr. L. G. Hardman was a nationally known physician." The sanatorium served a large numbers of patients throughout northeast Georgia until 1945.

During this period, Hardman experimented in the field of anesthetics. He had completely anesthetized an animal by injecting tincture of Indian Hemp (cannabis indica) into the femoral vein of a dog. This work brought him into close touch with the earlier work of Dr. Crawford W. Long. Long was well known in medical history as a pioneer in the use of ether as an anesthetic during surgery in the 1840s in nearby Jefferson.

Besides his medical practice and research, Hardman was committed to creating manufacturing enterprises to stimulate economic growth in rural north Georgia. In 1893, Hardman founded the Harmony Grove Cotton Mills. He later established the Hardman Roller Mills, also in Commerce.

While he was creating a local manufacturing boom in Commerce, Hardman was also investing in farmlands. By 1900, he was among the largest farmers in Georgia, owning land in seven counties and in Florida. From walnuts to livestock, Hardman was an example of a successful scientific farmer. He conducted a variety of experiments on his produce, and if successful, shared his new methods with his neighbors. His commitment to agriculture innovation was reflected in his active service as a trustee of the Georgia State College of Agriculture in Athens. This would later become the Agriculture College at the University of Georgia.

As if such enterprises did not fully consume his time and energies, Hardman accepted the challenge of political life with encouragement from his friends and colleagues. He was elected to the Georgia legislature in 1902 as a representative from Jackson County. He served in the House until 1907, when he was elected state senator, an office he held through 1908. He returned to the House for a final term in 1909. During his tenure in the General Assembly, Hardman introduced considerable legislation, including a bill requiring public schools to offer basic agriculture courses; a measure petitioning the United States Congress to authorize a commission to conduct a drainage survey of Georgia; an act furnishing free treatment for hydrophobia, utilizing the Pasteur method; and legislation establishing the State Board of Health.

In 1907, Dr. Hardman, along with W. A. Covington and W. J. Neel, authored the prohibition bill banning legalized whiskey in Georgia. Upon its passage, he received much acclaim, with favorable mail from around the country congratulating him on this early victory for the Prohibition movement. As both a physician and son of a Baptist minister, Hardman believed that alcohol was destructive to the human body and that no good could come from its use.

For more personal reasons, 1907 was also an important year for Hardman. At the age of fifty-one, he married the twenty-five year old Emma Wiley Griffin, from a socially prominent family in Valdosta. They had met in 1901 when introduced by W. W. Landrum, an Atlanta preacher. On a bet, Reverend Landrum promised to introduce the matrimony-proof Hardman to a young woman in Valdosta if on their wedding day he would give the Baptist mission $1,000. After six years of courtship they married, and had four children together.

During World War I, Hardman served as the U. S. Fuel Administrator for Georgia. After two unsuccessful gubernatorial campaigns in 1914 and 1916, he was finally elected governor in 1926 (at the age of seventy-four) in a run-off election over John Holder, who had generated controversy for fiscal improprieties as head of the state highway board. In 1928, he comfortably defeated E. D. Rivers in his bid for re-election as the state's chief executive.

Governor Hardman promised to give the state a businesslike administration, eliminating waste and extravagance. In his second inaugural address in 1929, he declared: "It is apparent in our state, and indeed in most, if not all the states in the Union, that there is a need and a demand for a more modern, businesslike arrangement of operating the state's affairs." He went on in that speech to recommend the creation of an agriculture college as part of the University of Georgia, and the preservation of the "the majesty and enforcement of the law."

Unfortunately, Hardman proposed this ambitious agenda just before the stock market crash and the onset of the Great Depression. Given the ensuing climate, the legislature was in no mood to embrace dramatic changes of this sort. Nevertheless, Hardman could claim more minor achievements for his administration. During his governorship, the state capitol was remodeled, the Rhodes home in Atlanta was accepted as a depository for the state archives, and a plant to produce license tags was established. His most significant achievement was in laying the groundwork for a comprehensive reorganization of the state's government, the Allen Commission on Simplification and Coordination, headed by Ivan Allen, Sr., that would be put into effect by Hardman's successor, Richard B. Russell, Jr.

Hardman was seventy-seven years old when he relinquished the governor's office in 1933. He returned to Commerce, where he lived the last four years of his life. He died of a heart ailment at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta on February 18, 1937.

Scope and Content

Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, II. Business files consist of Governor Hardman's business and personal papers from 1880 to 1956. The Commerce Office files subseries include such topics as temperance, the 1904 Jackson County primary election returns, Hardman's campaign expenses for 1914, Georgia State College of Agriculture finances, dam and water mill specifications, land surveys, tuberculosis treatments, and monthly reports from the Hardman Roller Mills. The General correspondence files feature miscellaneous materials related to Hardman's multiple business and personal interests. Highlights include a petition for a wage increase by Harmony Grove Mills workers in 1917, papers documenting Hardman's medical experiments with Indian hemp (cannabis indica) as an anesthetic, and correspondence concerning the planning and subsequent dedication of a monument to Dr. Crawford W. Long. Finances includes cancelled checks, tax returns, and asset reports. The Ledgers subseries contains business ledgers for Harmony Grove Orchards, Lake Alcoyne Farm, the Hardman Estate, and the Hardman Plantation. The Lamartine Hardman, Jr. papers document his activities at Harmony Grove Orchards, personal correspondence, and minutes from the Sarepta Baptist Association. The J. N. Griffin files contain correspondence and bills relating to mutual business interests held by Governor Hardman and his father-in-law, Mr. J. N. Griffin.

Organization and Arrangement

This series is organized into six subseries: A. Commerce Office files, B. General, C. Finances, D. Ledgers, E. Lamartine G. Hardman, Jr., and F. J. N. Griffin files.


Administrative Information

User Restrictions

Library acts as "fair use" reproduction agent.

Preferred Citation

Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, The University of Georgia Libraries.

Processing Note

During the arrangement and description process, archivists noted that many of the manuscripts were very fragile and in need of preservation work. After Hardman's death in 1937 his papers were moved to Harmony Grove Mills for storage. When the Hardman family sold the mill in 1990 the papers were transferred to the basement of the First Commerce Bank in Commerce, GA. Shortly after the papers arrived at the Russell Library, archivists observed that the collection had suffered serious deterioration from poor paper quality. Additionally, many of the pulp paper carbons of Hardman's correspondence had become very brittle and were literally breaking into pieces. The more these originals were handled, the more fragile they became. These papers required transfer to an additional format to ensure the information would be available for current and future researchers. After discussions with the Hardman family in 1997, Russell Library archivists proposed a project to microfilm the collection.

Thanks to a generous grant through the Harmony Grove Foundation, the Hardman Preservation Microfilming Project began in January 1998. The library hired a microfilm preservation specialist to prepare the collection for filming and to supervise the filming project, which was conducted in cooperation with Computer Hardware, Imaging and Preservation Services (CHIPS) at the University of Georgia Libraries. Items in each folder of the collection were re-arranged alphabetically or chronologically (depending on the nature of the material), a task that took well over a year to complete. Items not selected for filming routinely included duplicates, household bills and receipts, cancelled checks, invitations, greeting cards, photographs, advertisements and promotional pamphlets, and non-print memorabilia. Material to be filmed was then counted, programmed onto individual reels, targeted and microfilmed according to Research Libraries Group (RLG) guidelines--a process that ultimately produced 153 reels of microfilm, or roughly one reel per linear foot of manuscript material. Reels for research use are housed at the Russell Library. Master negatives are stored at the Georgia Department of Archives and History in Atlanta; copy negatives are housed at the University of Georgia Libraries. A microfilm reel finding aid, keyed to the collection finding aid, is available to assist researchers.

Access Restrictions

Use of microfilm recommended.

Copyright Information

Before material from collections at the Richard B. Russell Library may be quoted in print, or otherwise reproduced, in whole or in part, in any publication, permission must be obtained from (1) the owner of the physical property, and (2) the holder of the copyright. It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain both sets of permissions. Persons wishing to quote from materials in the Russell Library collection should consult the Director. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.

Finding Aid Publication

Finding aid prepared on: 2000.


Related Materials and Subjects

Subject Terms

Agricultural industries -- Georgia.
Commerce (Ga.)
Financial records.
Long, Crawford Williamson, 1815-1878.
Medicine -- Practice -- Georgia.
Physicians -- Georgia.
Sarepta Baptist Association.

Related Collections in this Repository

Hoke Smith Papers

Richard B. Russell, Jr. Collection

Dudley M. Hughes Papers

Richard B. Russell, Sr. Papers

Hugh Peterson, Sr. Papers

Related Collections in Other Repositories

Ivan Allen, Sr. Papers, Atlanta History Center


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

II. Business, 1880-1950

106 box(es)
(54.25 linear feet)



A. Commerce Office files , 1880-1950

( 19 box(es) ) ( (8.75 linear feet) )
The Commerce Office files subseries is divided into seven sub-groups. Included in the correspondence files are multiple letters from U.S. Senator A.O. Bacon, U.S. Representative Thomas M. Bell, Colorado Governor Henry A. Buchtel, Georgia Governor A.D. Chandler, George Foster Peabody (on the subject of prohibition), and Richard B. Russell, Sr. (asking for support as Superior Court Justice). Topics discussed include temperance, the 1904 Jackson County primary election returns, Hardman's campaign expenses for 1914, Georgia State College of Agriculture finances, dam and water mill specifications, land surveys, tuberculosis treatments, and monthly reports from the Hardman Roller Mills. Bills and receipts date primarily from 1921 to 1924 and are for hardware, medical supplies and other expenses. Bills, telegrams and titles includes bills of lading and freight bills for cotton shipments, private correspondence from 1901 to 1905, telegrams, titles to property owned by the Hardman family, and documents pertaining to bonded employees from the period 1888 to 1918. Contracts, correspondence and receipts features correspondence from 1910, business receipts from 1901 to 1918, and various contracts with employees, tenant farmers and independent contractors for the years 1900 to 1915. Commerce High School contains documents on new building construction, school board policies, finances, and applications for teaching and superintendent positions for the period 1922 to 1924. The Harmony Grove Mills papers in this subseries span the years 1922 to 1924 and consist of correspondence relating to audits, equipment purchases, and the hiring of a plant superintendent. Finally, there is registration information on Berkshire hogs, Jersey cattle, and Duroc-Jersey hogs--as well as records of cattle and hogs dead or sold--contained in Bills paid and cattle. The files are in chronological order within alphabetical arrangement.
1. Correspondence
boxfolder
11AA-ALK [microfilm reel #13]
12ALL-AQ [microfilm reel #13]
13ARA-AZ [microfilm reel #13]
14BAA-BAR [microfilm reel #13]
15BAS-BEZ [microfilm reel #13]
16BI-BRI [microfilm reel #13]
17BRO-BY [microfilm reel #13]
18CAA-CAR [microfilm reel #13]
19CAS-COL [microfilm reel #13]
110COM-COZ [microfilm reel #13]
boxfolder
21DAA-DEK [microfilm reel #14]
22DEL-DR [microfilm reel #14]
23DUA-EZ [microfilm reel #14]
24FAA-FE [microfilm reel #14]
25FF-FOI [microfilm reel #14]
26FOK-FY [microfilm reel #14]
27GAA-GH [microfilm reel #14]
28GIA-GZ [microfilm reel #14]
29HAA-HAQ [microfilm reel #14]
boxfolder
31HARA-HARZ [microfilm reel #14]
32HAS-HM [microfilm reel #14]
33HOA-HOQ [microfilm reel #14]
34HOR-HZ [microfilm reel #15]
35I [microfilm reel #15]
36JA-JAY [microfilm reel #15]
37JE-JOM [microfilm reel #15]
38JOI-KY [microfilm reel #15]
boxfolder
41LAA-LED [microfilm reel #15]
42LEE-LIN [microfilm reel #15]
43LIO-LOG [microfilm reel #15]
44HOH-HY [microfilm reel #15]
45McA-McCy [microfilm reel #15]
46McD-McW [microfilm reel #15]
47MAA-MAZ [microfilm reel #15]
48ME-MIY [microfilm reel #15]
49MOA-MY [microfilm reel #15]
410NA-NY [microfilm reel #15]
411OA-PAZ [microfilm reel #16]
412PEA-PEZ [microfilm reel #16]
boxfolder
51PF-Q [microfilm reel #16]
52RAA-RH [microfilm reel #16]
53RIA-RIC [microfilm reel #16]
54RID-RY [microfilm reel #16]
55SA-SHA [microfilm reel #16]
56SHE-SHA [microfilm reel #16]
57SN-SQ [microfilm reel #16]
58STA-SY [microfilm reel #16]
59TAA-TE [microfilm reel #16]
boxfolder
61THA-TRE [microfilm reel #17]
62RI-VX [microfilm reel #17]
63WAA-WAR [microfilm reel #17]
64WAS-WEZ [microfilm reel #17]
65WHA-WHY [microfilm reel #17]
66WIA-WIL [microfilm reel #17]
67WIM-Z [microfilm reel #17]
2. Bills and receipts
boxfolder
71-8A-D [microfilm reel #17-18]
boxfolder
81-12E-M [microfilm reel #18-19]
boxfolder
91-11N-Z [microfilm reel #19]
3. Bills, telgrams and titles
boxfolder
101-3Bills of Lading Southern Railway, A-Z [not filmed]
104-6Freight Bills, A-Z [not filmed]
107Express Receipts, A-E [not filmed]
108Express Receipts, F-H [not filmed], 1906-1916
109Express Receipts, H [not filmed], 1904-1913
boxfolder
111Express Receipts, I-S [not filmed], 1903-1914
112Express Receipts, S [not filmed], 1902
113Express Receipts, S [not filmed], 1901
114Express Receipts, T-Z [not filmed]
115-9Private, A-W [microfilm reel #20]
1110-11Telegrams, A-M [microfilm reel #20]
boxfolder
121Telegrams, N-Z [microfilm reel #20]
122-5Bonds for title, A-Z [microfilm reel #20]
4. Contracts, correspondence and receipts
boxfolder
131-7Letters received, A-W [microfilm reel #21], 1910
138-11Contracts, A-M [microfilm reel #21]
boxfolder
141-3Contracts, N-W [microfilm reel #22]
144-10Contracts, C-W [microfilm reel #22], 1910-1915
boxfolder
151-3Receipts, A-M [not filmed]
154Receipts, N [not filmed], 1901-1905
155Receipts, N [not filmed], 1906-1918
156Receipts, O-Z [not filmed]
5. Commerce High School , 1922-1924
boxfolder
161-7A-Z [microfilm reel #23]
6. Harmony Grove Mills , 1922-1924
boxfolder
171-6A-Z [microfilm reel #23]
177Miscellaneous [microfilm reel #23]
7. Bills paid and cattle
boxfolder
181-4Bills paid, A-Z [microfilm reel #23]
185-8Registered cattle and hogs, A-S [microfilm reel #23]
189Records of cattle sold or dead including hogs, A-B, H [microfilm reel #23]
1810-11Records of cattle sold or dead including hogs, R [microfilm reel #23]
boxfolder
191-2Records of cattle sold or dead including hogs, R [microfilm reel #23]



B. General , 1887-1937

( 56 box(es) ) ( (26.5 linear feet) )
This subseries is further divided into two sub-groups. The correspondence files feature miscellaneous materials related to Hardman's multiple business and personal interests. Highlights include a petition for a wage increase by Harmony Grove Mills workers in 1917, papers documenting Hardman's medical experiments with Indian hemp (cannabis indica) as an anesthetic, and correspondence concerning the planning and subsequent dedication of a monument to Dr. Crawford W. Long. Additional items include Baptist Church records, tenant rent correspondence, crop reports, and monthly production reports from Nacoochee Dairy. The bills and receipts files contain correspondence and information related to business, farming, and household expenses. With the exception of some stray correspondence from 1920 to 1927--including letters from Hardman's niece, Mrs. Wilda Hardman Poteat, Jr., a Baptist missionary in Kaifeng, Hunan, China--bills and receipts are not on microfilm. The files are in chronological order within alphabetical arrangement.
1. Correspondence
boxfolder
201-2Medical, political, etc., A-Z [microfilm reel #24], 1887-1901
boxfolder
211Agriculture bulletins, clippings [not filmed], 1890s-1907
212-5Medical, political and other [microfilm reel #24], 1890s-1907
boxfolder
221-2Business including medical, A-Z [microfilm reel #24], 1898-1901
223Miscellaneous [microfilm reel #24], 1902
224"Immigration as the Foundation for Securing Mill Help in the South" [microfilm reel #24], 1906
225Correspondence [microfilm reel #24], 1913
226Application for bonds [microfilm reel #24]
227Correspondence [microfilm reel #24], 1916
22823rd Annual Report of the Southern Railway Company [microfilm reel #24], 1917
229Georgia Hog breeders list [microfilm reel #24], 1917
2210Special apple report [microfilm reel #24], 1917
2211Petition for wage increase - Harmony Grove Mills [microfilm reel #24], 1917
2212-17Correspondence [microfilm reel #24-25], 1917
boxfolder
231General Electric [microfilm reel #25], 1916-1917
232[microfilm reel #25], 1916 December
233-6[microfilm reel #25], 1971 January-April
boxfolder
241-13[microfilm reel #26], 1917 May-1918 May
boxfolder
251-7[microfilm reel #26], 1918 June-December
258-11[microfilm reel #27], 1918
boxfolder
261-3[microfilm reel #27], 1918
264-7A - C [microfilm reel #27-28], 1919
boxfolder
271-13C - P [microfilm reel #28-29], 1919
boxfolder
281-7R - Z [microfilm reel #29], 1919
boxfolder
291-9A - F [microfilm reel #29-30], 1921
boxfolder
301-14G - R [microfilm reel #31], 1921
boxfolder
311-9S - Z [microfilm reel #32], 1921
boxfolder
321Inventory for crop returns [microfilm reel #32], 1920
322Pamphlets [not filmed]
323Ginning tickets [not filmed]
324Bills [microfilm reel #32]
325Daily reports - Nacoochee Dairy [microfilm reel #32], 1921
boxfolder
331-5A - D [microfilm reel #32-33], 1922
boxfolder
341-11E - O [microfilm reel #33-34], 1922
boxfolder
351-10P - Z [microfilm reel #34-35], 1922
boxfolder
361-9A - D [microfilm reel #35-36], 1923
boxfolder
371-12E - N [microfilm reel #36-37], 1923
boxfolder
381-13O - W [microfilm reel #37-38], 1923
boxfolder
391-2Y - Z [microfilm reel #38], 1923
393Freight bills, debit memos, invoices [not filmed]
394-5Business transaction records [microfilm reel #38]
396Maps [microfilm reel #38]
397Baptist Church records [microfilm reel #38]
398Newspaper clippings - ether discovery [microfilm reel #38], 1920
boxfolder
401-6A - G [microfilm reel #39], 1924
boxfolder
411-7H - S [microfilm reel #40-41], 1924
boxfolder
421-5S - Z [microfilm reel #41], 1924
boxfolder
431-8A - G [microfilm reel #41-42], 1924-1926
boxfolder
441-12G - Q [microfilm reel #42-43], 1924-1926
boxfolder
451-9R - Z [microfilm reel #43-44], 1924-1926
boxfolder
461-2A - B [microfilm reel #44], 1926
463New Anesthesia [microfilm reel #44]
464-8C - G [microfilm reel #45], 1926
boxfolder
471-11G- Q [microfilm reel #45-46], 1926
boxfolder
481-7R-Z [microfilm reel #46-47], 1926
boxfolder
491-3A [microfilm reel #47], 1933-1935
494-6B [microfilm reel #47], 1933-1935
497-11C [microfilm reel #47-48], 1933-1935
boxfolder
501D [microfilm reel #48], 1934-1935
502E [microfilm reel #48], 1933-1935
503-5F [microfilm reel #48], 1933-1935
506G [microfilm reel #48], 1933-1935
507-8H [microfilm reel #48], 1934-1935
boxfolder
511-2H [microfilm reel #49], 1933-1934
513I [microfilm reel #49], 1934-1935
514J [microfilm reel #49], 1933-1935
515K [microfilm reel #49], 1934-1935
516L [microfilm reel #49], 1933-1935
517Mc [microfilm reel #49], 1934-1935
518-10M [microfilm reel #49], 1933-1935
5111-13N [microfilm reel #49], 1933-1935
5114O [microfilm reel #49], 1933-1935
boxfolder
521P [microfilm reel #50], 1933-1935
522Q [microfilm reel #50], 1934-1935
523-5R [microfilm reel #50], 1933-1935
526-8S [microfilm reel #50], 1934-1935
boxfolder
531S [microfilm reel #50], 1933
532-4T [microfilm reel #50], 1933-1935
535U [microfilm reel #51], 1933-1935
536V [microfilm reel #51], 1933-1935
537W [microfilm reel #51], 1933-1935
boxfolder
541Ansbacher-Siegle Corp. [microfilm reel #51], 1936
542A [microfilm reel #51], 1936-1937
543B [microfilm reel #51], 1935-1936
544-7C [microfilm reel #51], 1936-1937
boxfolder
551Cotton Manufacturers Association of Georgia [microfilm reel #52], 1935-1936
552C [microfilm reel #52], 1936-1937
553D [microfilm reel #52], 1935-1937
554E [microfilm reel #52], 1935-1937
555-6F [microfilm reel #52], 1935-1937
557H [microfilm reel #52], 1935-1937
boxfolder
561-2H [microfilm reel #53], 1935-1937
563Hesslein and Company, Inc. [microfilm reel #53], 1935-1937
564-7I - L [microfilm reel #53], 1935-1937
568Crawford Long Memorial, Danielsville, GA [microfilm reel #53], 1935-1937
569M [microfilm reel #53], 1935-1937
boxfolder
571-6M-S [microfilm reel #54], 1935-1937
boxfolder
581-6T-Z [microfilm reel #54-55], 1935-1937
2. Bills and receipts
boxfolder
591Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1916
592-8Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1917
boxfolder
601-2Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1917
603-5A-Z [not filmed], 1917, 1918
606Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1918
boxfolder
611-3Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1918
614Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1918, 1919
615-6Bills and receipts [clipboard] [not filmed], 1917-1919
617Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1913-1922
boxfolder
621Bills from Lake Alcyone [not filmed], 1918-1919
622-4Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1919
625Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1920
626-7A - B [not filmed], 1920
boxfolder
631Bills incurred at Valdosta [not filmed], 1920
632-8C - H [not filmed], 1920
boxfolder
641-11H - L [not filmed], 1920
647Lake Alcyone Farm [not filmed], 1920
648-11M - P [not filmed], 1920
boxfolder
651-5R - W [not filmed], 1920
656Water and Light Commission [not filmed], 1920
657X, Y, Z [not filmed], 1920
boxfolder
661-2Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1921-1924
663Correspondence [microfilm reel #55], 1920-1927
664Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1920-1925
665Mrs. Wilda Hardman Poteat, Jr., Kaifeng, Honan China [microfilm reel #55], 1919-1924
boxfolder
671Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1921
672Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1922
673Bills and receipts [not filmed], undated
674-14A - K [not filmed], 1921-1922
boxfolder
681-10M - Z [not filmed], 1921-1922
boxfolder
691Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1923
692Peaches, Smith & Holden [not filmed], 1923
693Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1923
694-5Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1924 January-December
696Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1925
697-9A - C [not filmed], 1925
boxfolder
701-12D - P [not filmed], 1925
boxfolder
711-7R - Y [not filmed], 1925
boxfolder
721Farm and Orchard [not filmed], 1925-1926
722-5Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1926
726Southern Railway [not filmed], 1926 July-August
727-8A - C [not filmed], 1926
boxfolder
731-5D - R [not filmed], 1926
boxfolder
741-5S - Z [not filmed], 1926
746Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1927
boxfolder
751Bills and receipts [not filmed], 1928-1930
752A - Z [not filmed], 1930
753-4A - Z [not filmed], 1931



C. Finances , 1916-1942

( 10 box(es) ) ( (5.5 linear feet) )
This subseries is further divided into cancelled checks, tax returns, and asset reports. Arrangement is chronological. Cancelled checks (1916-1929) have not been microfilmed. Income tax returns (circa 1890-1937) and all asset reports and audits have been filmed. Asset reports and auditor's reports are for the Hardman Drug Company, Harmony Grove Mills, Commerce Telephone Company, Georgia Military Academy, and the city of Commerce. Arrangement is chronological.
1. Checks
box
76Checks [not filmed], 1916-1918
box
77Checks [not filmed], 1918-1919
box
78Checks [not filmed], 1921-1923
box
79Checks [not filmed], 1923-1924
box
80Checks [not filmed], 1924-1925
box
81Checks [not filmed], 1925-1929
boxfolder
821Savings [microfilm reel #55], 1915-1918
822-12Checking Account Statements [microfilm reel #55], 1917-1929, 1942
8213Checking listing [not filmed], 1923
8214Harmony Grove Checks [not filmed], 1894-1922
8215Tax Statements [microfilm reel #55], 1927
2. Tax returns
box
83Income Tax Returns [microfilm reel #56], 1917-1919
box
84Income Tax Returns [microfilm reel #56], 1917-1930
box
84.2Income Tax Returns [not filmed]
3. Reports
boxfolder
851Statement of Assets and Liabilities [microfilm reel #56]
852Auditors Report [microfilm reel #56], 1916
853Hardman Drug Company [microfilm reel #56], 1919 January 1-December 31
854Hardman Drug Company [microfilm reel #56], 1924 January-1926 December
855Estate of L. G. Hardman - trial balance [microfilm reel #56], 1937
856Harmony Grove Mills Chart of Accounts [microfilm reel #56], undated
857Auditor's Report for Harmony Grove Mills [microfilm reel #56], 1936-1939
858Auditor's Report for Commerce Telephone Company [microfilm reel #56], 1938, 1939
859Auditor's Report for Georgia Military Academy [microfilm reel #56], 1937-1939
8510Auditor's Report for City of Commerce [microfilm reel #56], 1935-1938
8511Specifications of "Standard" Plumbing fixtures for residence in Commerce [not filmed], 1939 July 25
8512-13Specifications for Hardman Residence, Commerce, GA [microfilm reel #56]
8514Business Information [not filmed]



D. Ledgers

( 3 box(es) ) ( (7 linear feet), and 4 volumes )
This subseries contains business ledgers for Harmony Grove Orchards, Lake Alcoyne Farm, the Hardman Estate, and the Hardman Plantation. There are also salary ledgers and inventories of farm equipment and property. Arrangement is chronological.
boxfolder
861-7Harmony Grove Orchards. Breakdown of peaches and cars [microfilm reel #57], 1925-1942
868Hands Personal accounts at Lake Alcyone [microfilm reel #57], 1920
869Hardman Estate [microfilm reel #57], 1933-1934
boxfolder
871Lake Alcyone Farm Daily Record [microfilm reel #58], 1921
872Salary ledger for two week pay periods [microfilm reel #58], 1908-1944
873-4Farm inventory for Dr. L. G. Hardman. Record of costs and accounts for supplies, live stock, equipment, tools, peas, seeds, building equipment, etc. [microfilm reel #58], 1931-1933
875T. C. Williams inventory of property. Lists of leaky roofs, furnishings, etc. and smoke houses [microfilm reel #58], 1925 January-1927 December
box
88Hardman Estate Ledger [microfilm reel #59], 1915 December-1918 December
box
89Hardman Estate Ledger [microfilm reel #60], 1919 January-1922 May
boxfolder
90 Hardman Estate Ledger [microfilm reel #61], 1925 January-1942 December
90Hardman Plantation [microfilm reel #62], March 1937-December 1956
boxfolder
921Check stubs from Northeastern Banking Co. for labor [not filmed], 1930 April 30-1931 June 25
922Private store accounts cash book for expenses [not filmed], 1922-1925
923Economy Order book for rents [not filmed], 1928
924Printing Company Expenses Ledger for stationary and literature [not filmed], 1928 August
925Ledger of hog sales [not filmed], 1934
926Personal accounts kept on individuals and the amount each spent [not filmed], 1908 January
927Ledger for the purchase of a product or service priced between $.50 and $96.50 [not filmed], 1905
928Ledger of records of payment for labor [not filmed], 1944 July
929Ledger of labor wages, construction costs and furniture [not filmed], circa 1921
box
92.2Ledgers [not filmed]



E. Lamartine G. Hardman, Jr. , 1929-1946

( 11 box(es) ) ( (5.5 linear feet) )
After graduating from the University of Georgia in 1930, Hardman Jr. gradually began to take on more responsibility for the Hardman family business interests. Included in this subseries are correspondence and bills pertaining to the Harmony Grove Orchards, personal correspondence, and minutes from the Sarepta Baptist Association. Arrangement is chronological. Only the correspondence files and previously unfilmed portions of the Sarepta Baptist Association material have been microfilmed.
boxfolder
931-5Peach Orchard [not filmed], 1929-1932, 1934-1937
boxfolder
941-15Paid Bills [not filmed], 1937 January-1939 December
boxfolder
951Paid Bills [not filmed], undated
952First National Bank [not filmed], 1941-1943
953Northeastern Banking Company [not filmed], 1942-1943
954-17Farm Bills [not filmed], 1936-1939 December
boxfolder
961-3Peach Orchard [not filmed], 1940-1942
boxfolder
971Peach Orchard [not filmed], 1944
972-4Paid Bills [not filmed], 1941-1944
boxfolder
981-4Paid Bills [not filmed], 1943-1944
985Paid Bills [not filmed], 1945 January-June
boxfolder
991-3Paid Bills [not filmed], 1945 July-1946 December
994Ledger [not filmed], 1937-1951
boxfolder
1001-3Peach Orchard [not filmed], 1938-1939
1004Peach Orchard [not filmed], 1946
1005Peach Orchard Manifests [not filmed], 1947
boxfolder
1011Peach Orchard [not filmed], 1947
1012Personal [microfilm reel #63], 1930-1934
1013Personal Correspondence to LGH from LGH, Jr. [microfilm reel #63], 1937
1014Correspondence Building Supplies [not filmed], 1938-1940
1015Correspondence [not filmed], 1940
boxfolder
1021Correspondence Building Information [not filmed], 1939
1022-4Bills, Specs, Payroll (Residence) [not filmed], 1939-1940
1025-6Southern Converters [microfilm reel #63], 1946-1948
boxfolder
1031Southern Converters [microfilm reel #63], 1948
1032Sarepta Baptist Association (Moderator) [microfilm reel #63], 1948-1949
1033-4Sarepta Baptist Association [microfilm reel #63], 1946-1947
1035Sarepta Baptist Association Minutes [not filmed], 1921-1926
1036Sarepta Baptist Association Minutes [not filmed], 1942-1947



F. J. M. Griffin

( 1 box(es) ) ( (25 linear feet) )
These files contain correspondence and bills relating to mutual business interests held by Governor Hardman and his father-in-law, Mr. J. N. Griffin. Arrangement is chronological. These files are not on microfilm.
boxfolder
1041A-N [not filmed], 1909, 1913-1915
1042P-Z [not filmed], 1909, 1913-1915