Request Material





Georgia Department of Law Runoff Election Research Files

Georgia Department of Law Runoff Election Research Files

Descriptive Summary

Title: Georgia Department of Law Runoff Election Research Files
Inclusive Dates: 1964-1990
Language: English
Extent: 18 box(es)
Collection Number: RBRL/037/SBE
Repository: Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies

Collection Description

Historical Note

This collection was compiled as supporting materials in the Brooks majority vote litigation. In this voting rights action, Brooks vs. Board of Elections, the plaintiffs, 27 black Georgia residents and voters, challenged the majority vote requirements for primary elections in Georgia. In the event where no candidate receives a majority of votes cast a run-off primary will be held between the candidates receiving the two highest amount of votes. Between 1970 and 1995, there were a total of 2,798 runoff sequences. Of 2,773 of these, there were 278 which involved a black candidate and a white candidate in both the primary election and the runoff. In 85 of these, the candidate who won a plurality of votes in the initial primary lost in the runoff. These are called "flip" sequences. In 56 of the flip sequences, the black candidate lost the runoff after receiving a plurality of the votes in the initial primary. Overall, the majority vote requirement for primary elections yielded a net result of 27 fewer black candidates than would be nominated under a pure plurality scheme. The plaintiffs contended that the majority vote requirement violates section two of the Voting Rights Act. After a bench trial, the district court ruled that Georgia's majority vote provision for primary elections is constitutional and does not violate section two. The plaintiffs challenged the vote requirements for primary elections for single member, county-level offices, members of the General Assembly, superior court judges and district attorneys, and judges and justices of the Georgia Court of Appeals and Georgia Supreme Court. However, after a bench trial, the district court ruled that Georgia's majority provision for primary elections is constitutional and does not violate constitutional rights.

Scope and Content

This collection includes election files from the 1950's to the 1990s. These election files include information on county tabulation records, election results by precinct and county, documents recording the race of both voters and candidates, and election results for runoffs and special elections.

There are various papers in different colors (yellow, blue, etc.) that are used for dividers; these papers have no pertinent information regarding the collection.

Organization and Arrangement

This collecton is arranged in four series: I. 1950s and 1960s Election Files; II. 1970s Election Files; III. 1980s Election Files; and IV. 1990s Election Files.


Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation

Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Georgia, 30602-1641.

Copyright Information

Before material from collections at the Richard B. Russell Library may be quoted in print, or otherwise reproduced, in whole or in part, in any publication, permission must be obtained from (1) the owner of the physical property, and (2) the holder of the copyright. It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain both sets of permissions. Persons wishing to quote from materials in the Russell Library collection should consult the Director. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.


Related Materials and Subjects

Subject Terms

Civil rights -- Georgia.
County government records.
Election law -- Georgia.
Elections -- Georgia.

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

1950s and 1960s Election Files

boxfolder
11[Newspaper coverings of elections], 1954-1968
12[Consolidated Vote; State Democratic Primary, 1964], 1964
13[tabulation by counties, 1964], November 3, 1964
14[Proposed Changes to the Georgia Election Code], September 1965
15[consolidated vote: state Democratic Primary, 1966], September 14, 1966
16[tabulation by counties, 1966], November 8, 1966
17[Information on counties using runoffs prior to 1968], pre-1968
18[Consolidated votes; state Democratic Primary, 1968], September 25, 1968
19[tabulation by counties, 1968], November 5, 1968
boxfolder
21[election results, 1968], 1968
 

1970s Election Files

boxfolder
110[1970s newspaper articles], 1970-1979
111[tabulation by counties, 1970], November 3, 1970
112[Consolidated vote, 1970 elections], September 1970
boxfolder
22[county return records, 1970-1972], 1970-72
23[consolidated county returns, 1970], 1970
24[consolidated county returns, 1972], 1972
boxfolder
113[tabulaton by counties, 1972], November 7, 1972
114[consolidated vote, 1972 elections], August 1972
boxfolder
31[1972 Democratic Pary primary runoff by county], 1972
32[1972 consolidated returns for the Democratic Party primary]
boxfolder
41[1972 Election District Returns for Democratic Party Primary Runoff], 1972
boxfolder
115[Judicial Counsel, regarding the need for additional judge], December 13, 1973
116[consolidated vote, 1974 elections], August 1974
boxfolder
42[1974 consolidated county returns], September 1974
boxfolder
117[tabulation by counties, 1974], November 5, 1974
boxfolder
43[consolidated county returns from 1973 and 1975]
boxfolder
118[1975 special election vote records], June 1975
119[consolidated votes, 1976 elections], May 1976
120[1976 Campaign Financing Disclosure Reports], June 1976
121[tabulation by counties, 1976], November 2, 1976
122[1976 election race notes], 1976
boxfolder
51[1976 Primary runoff consolidated results], August 1976
52[1976-79 consolidated returns], 1976-79
boxfolder
1231978 Campaign Financing Disclosure Reports], June 1978
124[Dekalb County results, 1978], 1978
125[consolidated vote, 1978 elections], August 1978
126[tabulation by counties, 1978], November 7, 1978
127[election results, 1978], 1978
boxfolder
61[Dekalb County voter statistics and vote counts], August 1978
62[list of runoff candidates], 1978-84
63Returns by Clerks, 1978, 1978
 

1980s Election Files

boxfolder
711980 General Primary Runoff, 1980
boxfolder
64Returns by Clerks, 1980, 1980
65[1980 General primary elections consolidated votes], August 1980
66[election results, 1980], 1980
67[tabulation by counties, 1980], November 4, 1980
68[1980 Dekalb County voter statistics and election], 1980
69[state judge race, 1980], 1980
610Bibb County Jail Report, February 25, 1981
611[1980-82 Campaign financing disclosure reports], 1980-82
612[tabulation by counties, 1982], 1982
613[1982 Dekalb County voter records and returns], 1982
614[1982 voter records and election results], 1982
615[1982 General primary elections consolidated results], November 1982
boxfolder
721982 General Primary Runoff, 1982
73[1984 Democratic Party County Returns], 1984
boxfolder
81[1984 precinct returns], 1984
82[tabulation by counties, 1984], November 6, 1984
83[1984 campaign financing disclosure reports], 1984
84[Dekalb County voter statistics, 1984], 1984
85[1984 election results and voter statistics], 1984
86[1984 consolidated county returns, Democratic and Nonpartisan primary folder 1/2], 1984
87[1984 consolidated county returns, Democratic and Nonpartisan primary folder 2/2], 1984
88[1984 consolidated vote for general and runoff primary elections], 1984
89[Racial breakdown, 1984 primaries], 1984
810[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 1/70], 1984
811[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 2/70], 1984
812[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 3/70], 1984
813[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 4/70], 1984
boxfolder
91[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 5/70], 1984
92[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 6/70], 1984
93[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 7/70], 1984
94[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 8/70], 1984
95[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 9/70], 1984
96[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 10/70], 1984
97[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 11/70], 1984
98[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 12/70], 1984
99[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 13/70], 1984
910[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 14/70], 1984
911[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 15/70], 1984
912[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 16/70], 1984
913[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 17/70], 1984
boxfolder
101[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 18/70], 1984
102[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 19/70], 1984
103[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 20/70], 1984
104[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 21/70], 1984
105[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 22/70], 1984
106[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 23/70], 1984
107[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 24/70], 1984
108[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 25/70], 1984
109[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 26/70], 1984
1010[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 27/70], 1984
1011[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 28/70], 1984
1012[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 29/70], 1984
1013[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 30/70], 1984
boxfolder
111[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 31/70], 1984
112[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 32/70], 1984
113[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 33/70], 1984
114[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 34/70], 1984
115[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 35/70], 1984
116[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 36/70], 1984
117[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 37/70], 1984
118[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 38/70], 1984
119[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 39/70], 1984
1110[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 40/70], 1984
1111[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 41/70], 1984
1112[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 42/70], 1984
1113[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 43/70], 1984
1114[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 44/70], 1984
boxfolder
121[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 45/70], 1984
122[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 46/70], 1984
123[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 47/70], 1984
124[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 48/70], 1984
125[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 49/70], 1984
126[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 50/70], 1984
127[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 51/70], 1984
128[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 52/70], 1984
129[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 53/70], 1984
1210[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 54/70], 1984
1211[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 55/70], 1984
1212[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 56/70], 1984
1213[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 57/70], 1984
boxfolder
131[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 58/70], 1984
132[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 59/70], 1984
133[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 60/70], 1984
134[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 61/70], 1984
135[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 62/70], 1984
136[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 63/70], 1984
137[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 64/70], 1984
138[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 65/70], 1984
1310[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 67/70], 1984
1311[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 68/70], 1984
1312[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 69/70], 1984
1313[1984 elections: county and precinct returns folder 70/70], 1985
boxfolder
74[1986 special elections and primary runoffs], 1986
75[1980-1986 special elections], 1980-86
boxfolder
141[1985 campaign financing disclosure reports], 1985
142[1986 campaign financing disclosure reports], 1986
143[1986 newspaper articles], 1986
144[1986 consolidated vote report], September 1986
145[tabulation by counties, 1986], November 4, 1986
146[1986 voting machine tally sheets]
147[1986 voter and household statistics], 1986
boxfolder
162[General Election, 1986], November 4, 1986
163[General Primary, 1986], August 6, 1986
boxfolder
148[1986-87 campaign financing disclosure reports and correspondence], 1986-87
boxfolder
164[Sales Tax, 1987], November 3, 1987
boxfolder
149[1988 campaign financing disclosure reports and correspondence], 1988
1410[1988 consolidated vote packet], 1988
1411[1988 election results and voting percentages], 1988
1412[1988 written voting tallies], 1988
1413[1988 Financial Disclosures, folder 1/3], 1988
1414[1988 Financial Disclosures, folder 2/3], 1988
1415[1988 Financial Disclosures, folder 3/3], 1988
1416[1988 voter statistics], 1988
boxfolder
165[Republican elections, 1988], August 9, 1988
boxfolder
1417[tabulation by counties, 1988-90], 1988-90
boxfolder
161[Democratic and Nonpartisan General primary, 1988], August 9, 1988
boxfolder
171[consolidated tallies, 1988], 1988
174[Precinct results, 1988], 1988
boxfolder
1418[1989 campaign contribution reports], 1989
 

1990s Election Files

boxfolder
151[1990 General Primary results for justice of Supreme Court, counties A-B], July 27 1990
152[1990 General Primary results for justice of Supreme Court, counties C-D], July 1990
153[1990 General Primary results, Dekalb County], July 18, 1990
154[1990 General Primary results for justice of Supreme Court, counties E-G], 1990
155[1990 General Primary results for justice of Supreme Court, counties H-J], 1990
156[1990 General Primary results for justice of Supreme Court, counties L-O], 1990
157[1990 General Primary results for justice of Supreme Court, counties T], July 1990
158[1990 General Primary results for justice of Supreme Court, counties P-W], 1990
boxfolder
166[Democratic Party elections, 1990], 1990
boxfolder
172[Republican elections, 1990], 1990
173[Nonpartisan returns, 1990], 1990
175[voting tallies and precinct returns, 1990], 1990
boxfolder
181[Zell Miller campaign contribution disclosures for 1990 folder 1/2], April 1990
182[Zell Miller campaign contribution disclosures for 1990 folder 2/2], April 1990
183[Acknowledgements of Committee registration folder 1/2], 1990
184[Acknowledgements of Committee registration folder 2/2], 1990
185[1990 financial disclosures statements folder 1/5], June 1990
186[1990 financial disclosures statements folder 2/5], 1990
187[1990 financial disclosures statements folder 3/5], 1990
188[1990 financial disclosures statements folder 4/5], 1990
189[1990 financial disclosures statements folder 5/5], 1990
18101990 General Primary Runoff Candidates, 1990
1811[campaign contribution disclosure reports for Governor Roy Barnes], 1990
1812[Financial Disclosure statements for Judge Brunswick], June-July 1990
boxfolder
191Sec. of State Election Returns , 1990
192[1991 campaign disclosures statements folder 1/4], 1991
193[1991 campaign disclosures statements folder 2/4], 1991
194[1991 campaign disclosures statements folder 3/4], 1991
195[1991 campaign disclosures statements folder 4/4], 1991
196[1992 consolidated vote for runoff elections], 1992
197[1994 General Primary Runoff elections], 1994
198[1996 General Primary runoff primary elections], 1996
199[multi-year election results], 1974-1990